archduke

archduke
/ahrch"doohk", -dyoohk"/, n.
a title of the sovereign princes of the former ruling house of Austria.
[1520-30; earlier archeduke < F archeduc (now archiduc). See ARCH-1, DUKE]

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▪ Habsburg title

      a title, proper in modern times for members of the house of Habsburg (Habsburg, House of). The title of archduke Palatine (Pfalz-Erzherzog) was first assumed by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, on the strength of a forged privilege, in the hope of gaining for the dukes of Austria an equal status with the electors of the Holy Roman Empire. The emperor Charles IV refused to recognize the title, and it was not juridically held by the Habsburgs until 1453, when the emperor Frederick III, a Habsburg, confirmed Rudolf 's privilege and granted the title of archduke of Austria to his son Maximilian (Maximilian I) and his heirs. All males of the house of Habsburg bore this title; their daughters and wives were archduchesses. The title of archduke or archduchess of Austria also occurred in the royal style of the Bourbon kings and queens of Spain, though they were not descended in the male line from their Habsburg predecessors.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Archduke — Arch duke , n. [Pref. arch + duke.] A prince of the imperial family of Austria. [1913 Webster] Note: Formerly this title was assumed by the rulers of Lorraine, Brabant, Austria, etc. It is now appropriated to the descendants of the imperial… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • archduke — (n.) 1520s, from Middle French and O.Fr. archeduc, from Merovingian L. archiducem (c.750); see ARCH (Cf. arch ) + DUKE (Cf. duke) (n.). Formerly the title of the rulers of Austrasia, Lorraine, Brabant, and Austria; later the titular dignity of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • archduke — ► NOUN 1) a chief duke. 2) historical a son of the Emperor of Austria. DERIVATIVES archducal adjective archduchy noun …   English terms dictionary

  • archduke — [ärch′do͞ok΄, ärch′dyo͞ok΄] n. a sovereign prince, esp. a prince of the former Austrian imperial family …   English World dictionary

  • Archduke — The title of Archduke (feminine: Archduchess) (German: Erzherzog , feminine also spousal form: Erzherzogin ) denotes a rank above Duke and under King, but is too rare and yet has uses too diverse to be given a fixed relative position within the… …   Wikipedia

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