Anzac

Anzac
/an"zak/, n.
1. a member of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during World War I.
2. a soldier from Australia or New Zealand.
3. any Australian or New Zealander.
[1910-15]

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▪ military corps
Australian and New Zealand Army Corps 
 combined corps that served with distinction in World War I during the ill-fated 1915 Gallipoli Campaign (Dardanelles Campaign), an attempt to capture the Dardanelles from Turkey.

      In 1916 Australian and New Zealand infantry divisions were sent to France. They took part in some of the bloodiest actions of the war and established reputations as elite shock troops, at the price of heavy casualties. The New Zealand Division, eventually sustained by conscription, was second to none in combat, planning, and administration. The Australians, eventually reaching a strength of five divisions, faced difficulty replacing losses as Australia twice rejected conscription. Grouped into a single corps commanded by Sir John Monash (Monash, Sir John), who complemented the panache and the tactical skill of his soldiers with comprehensive, careful planning, the Australians nevertheless were central to defeating the German offensive of March 1918 and to the “hundred days” from August 8 to November 11 that ended the Great War. The ANZAC cavalry units remained in the Middle East, playing a major role in the 1917–18 Palestine campaign. A unique mentality based on concepts of manhood, mateship, and meritocracy is frequently cited as the key to Australian and New Zealand soldiers' valour and effectiveness. In Australia and New Zealand, ANZAC Day—April 25 (the date of the Gallipoli landing)—has been a major occasion for expressing national sentiment.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Anzac — 1915, acronym of Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. First used in reference to the Gallipoli campaign …   Etymology dictionary

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  • Anzac — [an′zak΄] n. [acronym formed from the title] 1. in WWI, a soldier in the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps 2. any soldier from Australia or New Zealand …   English World dictionary

  • ANZAC — Das Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) war ein Armeekorps der Streitkräfte des Britischen Empire im Ersten Weltkrieg. Es wurde aus Australiern und Neuseeländern gebildet. Das ANZAC kämpfte bei der Schlacht von Gallipoli, im Nahen Osten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anzac — /ˈænzæk / (say anzak) noun 1. a member of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during World War I. 2. a soldier from Australia or New Zealand. 3. an Anzac biscuit. –adjective 4. of or relating to Anzacs, Anzac Day, or the events at Gallipoli …  

  • Anzac — An Australian soldier. Anzac denotes the virtues of courage and determination displayed by the First World War Australian soldiers at Gallipoli in 1915. Anzac was formed from the initial letters of Australian and NewZealand Army Corps. Australian …   Australian idioms

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