antagonist

antagonist
/an tag"euh nist/, n.
1. a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another; opponent; adversary.
2. the adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work: Iago is the antagonist of Othello.
3. Physiol. a muscle that acts in opposition to another. Cf. agonist (def. 3).
4. Dentistry. a tooth in one jaw that articulates during mastication or occlusion with a tooth in the opposing jaw.
5. Pharm. a drug that counteracts the effects of another drug.
[1590-1600; < LL antagonista < Gk antagonistés. See ANTAGONIZE, -IST]
Syn. 1. contestant, enemy, foe. See adversary.
Ant. 1. ally, friend.

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      in literature, the principal opponent or foil of the main character, who is referred to as the protagonist, in a drama or narrative. The word is from the Greek antagnistḗs, “opponent or rival.”

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • antagonist — ANTAGONÍST, Ă, antagonişti, ste, adj. Care se află în antagonism (unul faţă de altul); antagonic. ♢ Contradicţie antagonistă = contradicţie antagonică. – Din fr. antagoniste, lat. antagonista. Trimis de ana zecheru, 28.02.2009. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Antagonist — (griech. ανταγωνιστής, antagonistís, von αντι, anti, „gegen“ und άγω, ágo, „ich handle, bewege, führe“: „der Gegenhandelnde“, „der Gegenspieler“) bezeichnet: im allgemeinen einen Widersacher oder Gegner Antagonist (Literatur), der Gegenspieler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antagonist — An*tag o*nist, n. [L. antagonista, Gr. ?; ? against + ? combatant, champion, fr. ?: cf. F. antagoniste. See {Antagonism}.] 1. One who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; an opponent. [1913 Webster] Antagonist of Heaven s… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Antagonist — An*tag o*nist, a. Antagonistic; opposing; counteracting; as, antagonist schools of philosophy. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Antagoníst — (grch.), Gegner, Widersacher. Antagonismus, Gegenwirkung, Gegensatz …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antagonist — Antagonist, so viel als Gegner, Widersacher, Feind …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • antagonist — index adversary, aggressor, assailant, contender, contestant, disputant, foe, rival Burton s Legal Thesaurus …   Law dictionary

  • antagonist — (n.) 1590s, from Fr. antagoniste (16c.) or directly from L.L. antagonista, from Gk. antagonistes competitor, opponent, rival, agent noun from antagonizesthai to struggle against, oppose, be a rival, from anti against (see ANTI (Cf. anti )) +… …   Etymology dictionary

  • antagonist — antagònist m DEFINICIJA 1. onaj koji istupa protiv koga; s oprečnih pozicija; suparnik, protivnik, opr. agonist 2. fiziol. sustav, mišić ili organ koji djeluje suprotno drugome, opr. sinergist 3. (mn) farm. lijekovi suprotna djelovanja u odnosu… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • antagonist — *opponent, adversary Analogous words: foe, *enemy: rival, competitor (see corresponding verbs at RIVAL): assailant, attacker (see corresponding verbs at ATTACK) Antonyms: supporter Contrasted words: ally, *partner, colleague …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • antagonist — [n] person causing problem adversary, angries*, bad person*, bandit*, competitor, contender, crip*, enemy, foe, match, opponent, opposer, opposite number*, oppugnant, rival; concept 412 Ant. ally, protagonist, supporter …   New thesaurus

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