/an"deuhr seuhn/, n.
1. Carl David, 1905-91, U.S. physicist: discoverer of the positron; Nobel prize 1936.
2. Dame Judith, 1898-1992, Australian actress in the U.S.
3. Marian, 1902-93, U.S. contralto.
4. Maxwell, 1888-1959, U.S. dramatist.
5. Philip Warren, born 1923, U.S. physicist: developer of solid-state circuitry; Nobel prize 1977.
6. Sherwood, 1876-1941, U.S. novelist and short-story writer.
7. a city in central Indiana. 64,695.
8. a city in NW South Carolina. 27,313.

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(as used in expressions)
Anderson Elizabeth Garrett
Anderson Dame Judith
Frances Margaret Anderson
Anderson Laurie
Anderson Leroy
Anderson Lindsay
Anderson Marian
Anderson James Maxwell
Anderson Sherwood
Charles Edward Anderson Berry
Dana Charles Anderson
Ella Anderson de Wolfe
Early Jubal Anderson
Glasgow Ellen Anderson Gholson
Roberta Joan Anderson

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      city, seat (1828) of Madison county, east-central Indiana, U.S. It lies along the White River, in a corn- (maize-) and wheat-producing region, 39 miles (63 km) northeast of Indianapolis. Founded in 1823 on the site of a Delaware Indian village, it was named Andersontown for a subchief, Koktowhanund, also known as William Anderson. In 1886 the city's industrial growth was assured with the discovery of natural gas in the locality. The city's manufactures now include automobile parts and electric vehicles. Anderson University was established in 1917 as the Anderson Bible Training School by the Church of God, whose world headquarters is also located in the city. Mounds State Park, just east of Anderson, contains the largest known Native American earthwork in Indiana as well as several other prehistoric mounds built by the Hopewell and Adena cultures. Thoroughbred and Standardbred horses are raced at Hoosier Park, southeast of downtown, from April through December. Inc. 1838, again in 1865. Pop. (2000) city, 59,734; Anderson MSA, 133,358; (2006 est.) city, 57,496; Anderson MSA, 131,195.

      city, seat (1826) of Anderson county, northwestern South Carolina, U.S., in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains (Blue Ridge). It was founded in 1826 on what had been Cherokee Indian land. Named for a local Revolutionary War hero, General Robert Anderson, it has been called the Electric City because of early (1898) long-distance power transmission from the Seneca River.

      Anderson is a manufacturing centre with a long-established textile industry; newer industries produce fibreglass products, auto parts, electrical appliances, rubber products, and machinery and parts. Cotton growing, once preeminent, has yielded to the cultivation of wheat, soybeans, and market vegetables. Tree farming (for paper mills) and livestock raising (beef and dairy cattle) are also significant. Anderson College (1911; Baptist) traces its origins to the Johnson Female Seminary, which opened in Anderson in 1848 but was forced to close during the American Civil War. Clemson University (1889) is 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Anderson. The Hartwell Dam (1963), impounding Hartwell Lake on the Savannah River, provides hydroelectric power and recreation facilities. Inc. 1882. Pop. (1990) city, 26,184; Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson MSA, 830,563; (2000) city, 25,514; Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson MSA, 962,441.

      county, northwestern South Carolina, U.S. It consists of a piedmont region in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains (Blue Ridge) between the Saluda River to the northeast and the Savannah River border with Georgia to the southwest. Part of that border is Hartwell Lake, created by the Hartwell Dam on the Savannah. Sadlers Creek State Park lies on the lakeshore. The Savannah River Scenic Highway traverses the western part of the county.

      In 1777 Anderson county was within the area deeded by Cherokee Indians to South Carolina. Twelve years later Anderson and the two counties to its north became the Pendleton district, with its courthouse in Pendleton. Anderson county was established in 1826 and named for the American Revolutionary War general Robert Anderson. During the American Civil War it became a centre of ammunitions manufacture for the Confederate army. The area has long been noted for raising racehorses.

      Livestock and agriculture (particularly cattle, chickens, vegetables, soybeans, grains, and hay) are important to the economy, as is the manufacture of textiles, fibreglass, and rubber and plastic products. The city of Anderson is the county seat. Other towns include Belton, Williamston, and Honea Path. Area 718 square miles (1,860 square km). Pop. (2000) 165,740; (2007 est.) 179,981.

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Universalium. 2010.

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