/am pul"euh, -pool"euh/, n., pl. ampullae /-pul"ee, -pool"ee/.
1. Anat. a dilated portion of a canal or duct, esp. of the semicircular canals of the ear.
2. Zool., Bot. any flask-shaped structure.
3. Eccles.
a. a vessel for the wine and water used at the altar.
b. a vessel for holding consecrated oil.
4. a two-handled bottle having a somewhat globular shape, made of glass or earthenware, used by the ancient Romans for holding oil, wine, or perfumes.
5. Ichthyol. See ampulla of Lorenzini.
[ < NL, L, equiv. to amphor(a) AMPHORA + -la dim. suffix, with normal vowel reduction and Gk ph rendered as p]

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plural  Ampullae,  

      a small narrow-necked, round-bodied vase for holding liquids, especially oil and perfumes. It was used in the ancient Mediterranean for toilet purposes and for anointing the bodies of the dead, being then buried with them. In early medieval times in Europe, ampullae were used in anointing kings. Both the name and the function of the ampulla have survived in Western Christianity, where it still designates the vessel containing the oil (chrism) consecrated by the bishop for ritual uses, especially in the sacraments of confirmation, orders, and extreme unction. It is used in the British coronation ceremony and is cited repeatedly by name in the coronation service; the ampulla of the regalia of the United Kingdom takes the form of a golden eagle with outspread wings. Perhaps the most celebrated ampulla in history was that known as la sainte ampoule (“the holy ampulla”), at Reims, from which the kings of France were anointed (legend said that it was brought from heaven by a dove for the coronation of Clovis); this ampulla was destroyed during the French Revolution.

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  • ampulla — [am pul′ə, ampool′ə] n. pl. ampullae [am pul′ē, am pool′ē] [ME ampulle < OE ampulla or OFr ampoule, both forms < L ampulla, dim. of ampora, for amphora, AMPHORA] 1. a nearly round bottle with two handles, used by the ancient Greeks and… …   English World dictionary

  • Ampulla — Am*pul la, n.; pl. {Ampull[ae]}. [L. ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A narrow necked vessel having two handles and bellying out like a jug. [1913 Webster] 2. (Eccl.) (a) A cruet for the wine and water at Mass. (b) The vase in which the holy oil for chrism,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ampulla — Ampulla, 1) (röm. Ant.), zweihenkelige, bauchige, thönerne od. gläserne Flasche zu Flüssigkeiten, bes. zum Salböl in Bädern; 2) Trinkflasche bei Tische; 3) (A. chrismătis), Gefäß für das heilige Öl in katholischen Kirchen. Als Chlodwig I., König… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ampulla — (lat.), soviel wie Ampel (s. d.). A. chrismatis, das Gefäß, worin in der römischen Kirche seit dem 4. Jahrh. geweihtes Öl zur Salbung der Katechumenen und der Sterbenden (Chrisma), auch Wein und Wasser zum Abendmahl aufbewahrt werden. Die A.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ampulla — (lat.), bei den Römern ein bauchiges Gefäß für Flüssigkeiten; in kath. Kirchen die Gefäße für Wein und Wasser zum Abendmahl und für das Salböl (Chrisma). A. Remensis s. Sainte ampoule …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ampulla — Ampulla, bei den Römern zweihenklige Flasche aus Thon, Glas, Metall etc. zur Aufbewahrung von Flüssigkeiten, namentlich des Salböls; sodann Trinkflasche. – Ampullae heißen auch die bei dem hl. Meßopfer gebrauchten Wasser und Weinkännchen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ampulla — vgl. Ampulle (2) …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • ampulla — (n.) late 14c., type of globular ancient Roman vessel; see AMPOULE (Cf. ampoule) …   Etymology dictionary

  • AMPULLA — I. AMPULLA inter instrumentae Aliptae, apud Romanos ut vidimus suprâ; Item inter vasa et ministeria Ecclesiastica, apud Latinos. Breviloq. Ampulla est vas amplum quod datur ad altare, in quo servatur vinum vel aqua. Gillibertus Lunic. Episcop de… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ampulla — An Ampulla (plural ampullae ) was, in Ancient Rome, a small nearly globular flask or bottle, with two handles (OED). The word is used of these in archaeology, and of later, often handle less flasks for holy water or holy oil in the Middle Ages,… …   Wikipedia

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