Amherst

Amherst
/am"euhrst/, n.
1. Jeffrey, Baron, 1717-97, British field marshal: governor general of British North America 1760-63.
2. a city in W Massachusetts. 33,229.
3. a town in N Ohio. 10,638.
4. a town in central Nova Scotia, in SE Canada. 10,263.

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      town (township), Hampshire county, west-central Massachusetts, U.S. It lies in the Connecticut River valley just northeast of Northampton. It includes the communities of North Amherst, Amherst, and South Amherst. The town of Hadley adjoins it on the west. Settled as part of Hadley in the 1730s, Amherst was recognized in 1759 as a separate district and named for Jeffrey (later Baron) Amherst, British commander in North America in the French and Indian War. It was incorporated as a town in 1775 and has developed principally as an educational centre.

      Noah Webster (Webster, Noah) lived in the town (1812–22) while working on his dictionary and was one of the founders of Amherst College, which was established in 1821. The University of Massachusetts (Massachusetts, University of) was founded at Amherst in 1863 as an agricultural land-grant college; its central campus covers 1,400 acres (567 hectares) and contains more than 160 buildings. Hampshire College, which lies south of the town, opened in 1970. The county's academic community also includes the prominent women's institutions of Smith College (1875) and Mount Holyoke College (1837), both within 10 miles (16 km) of Amherst.

      A number of homes of literary interest are in the town, including those of the poet Emily Dickinson (Dickinson, Emily), the poet-novelist Helen Hunt Jackson (Jackson, Helen Hunt), and the poet Robert Frost (Frost, Robert). Area 28 square miles (73 square km). Pop. (1990) 35,228; (2000) 34,874.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Amherst, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 11797 Housing Units (2000): 4603 Land area (2000): 7.166535 sq. miles (18.561239 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006490 sq. miles (0.016809 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.173025 sq. miles (18.578048 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Amherst, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 791 Housing Units (2000): 341 Land area (2000): 0.831389 sq. miles (2.153287 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.831389 sq. miles (2.153287 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Amherst, VA — U.S. town in Virginia Population (2000): 2251 Housing Units (2000): 1000 Land area (2000): 4.987414 sq. miles (12.917342 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.987414 sq. miles (12.917342 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Amherst, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 964 Housing Units (2000): 419 Land area (2000): 1.165019 sq. miles (3.017384 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.034869 sq. miles (0.090311 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.199888 sq. miles (3.107695 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Amherst — Amherst, Stadt, von den Engländern 1826 am Meerbusen von Martaban in der den Birmanen abgenommenen Provinz Tenasserim gegründet und zu Ehren des Generalgouverneurs von Ostindien, Amherst, so genannt, soll bereits 25000 E. zählen; Handelsplatz …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Amherst [1] — Amherst, 1) Jeffery, Baron A., Lord Holstale u. Montreal, geb. 1717 in der Grafschaft Kent, trat früh in englische Militärdienste, machte den Feldzug 1713–45 in Deutschland u. Holland gegen die Franzosen als Adjutant des Generals Legommier mit,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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