/al'beuh rel"oh/, n., pl. albarellos, albarelli /-rel"ee/.
a majolica jar of the 15th and 16th centuries, cylindrical with a waist slightly narrower than the ends, used in Spain and Italy for keeping dry drugs.
[1870-75; < It, prob. dim. of albero poplar L albus white]

* * *

▪ pottery jar
      pottery jar for apothecaries' ointments and dry drugs made in the Near East and in Spain and produced in Italy from the 15th through the 18th century in the form known as majolica (q.v.), or tin-glazed earthenware. Since the jar had to be easy to hold, use, and shelve, its basic form was cylindrical but incurved for grasping and wide-mouthed for access. All albarellos are about 7 inches (18 centimetres) high. A few have close-set handles, but, because they were not designed to hold liquids, they are generally free of spouts, lips, handles, and outcurved forms. A piece of paper or parchment tied around the rim served as a cover for the jar.

      Drug jars from Persia, Syria, and Egypt were introduced into Italy sometime before the 15th century, and lustre-decorated pots of Hispano-Moresque origin (influenced by the Moors in Spain) entered the country by way of Sicily. Spanish and Islāmic influence is apparent in the colours used in the decoration of early 15th-century Italian albarellos, which are often blue on white. A conventional oakleaf and floral design frequently occurs, combining handsomely with heraldic shields or with scrollwork and an inscribed label, usually an abbreviation of the name of the jar's contents. Geometric patterns are also common. Renaissance craftsmen showed their ingenuity in the sophisticated polychrome albarellos of the 16th century, in which the early decorative motifs gave way to figurative elements: classical grotesques, portraits, historical scenes, allegories, animals, and other themes. By the end of the 18th century, albarellos had yielded to other containers.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albarello — Boutique d apothicaire par Jost Amman et Hans Sachs, 1568 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albarello — An albarello is a type of maiolica earthenware jar originally designed to hold apothecaries ointments and dry drugs.The development of this type of pharmacy jar had its roots in the Middle East during the time of the Islamic conquests. Brought to …   Wikipedia

  • Albarello — Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe. Mit dem Wort kann gemeint sein: ein speziell geformtes Apothekengefäß aus Majolika, eine Erziehungsform im Rebbau, siehe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albarello — Albarẹllo   [italienisch alberello »gläsernes Gefäß«] das, s/... relli, Alberẹllo, Apothekergefäß aus Majolika, von zylindrischer, in der Mitte leicht eingezogener Form; in Italien seit dem 16. Jahrhundert, dann auch in den übrigen europäischen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Albarello — Al|ba|rel|lo das; s, ...lli <aus gleichbed. it. albarello> Apothekergefäß von zylindrischer Form …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Albarello (Apothekengefäß) — Albarello mit Darstellung eines Türken, Faenza, 1555 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albarello (grape) — Infobox grape variety name = Albarello caption = species = also called = origin = hazards = regions = Spain, Italy wines = Albarello is an ancient white grape that is found in very small quantities in Ribera del Ulla. Although similar in name, it …   Wikipedia

  • albarello — noun A ceramic pharmacy or drug jar, generally majolica ware. They are usually tall rather than wide, and often of a waisted shape. Albarelli originated in the Middle East but their name is from Italian …   Wiktionary

  • albarello — al·ba·rèl·lo s.m. var. → 3alberello, 4alberello …   Dizionario italiano

  • albarello — {{hw}}{{albarello}}{{/hw}}o alberello s. m. Vaso da farmacia in ceramica decorata di forma cilindrica con lieve strozzatura nella parte centrale …   Enciclopedia di italiano

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”