/ad"vent/, n.1. a coming into place, view, or being; arrival: the advent of the holiday season.2. (usually cap.) the coming of Christ into the world.3. (cap.) the period beginning four Sundays before Christmas, observed in commemoration of the coming of Christ into the world.4. (usually cap.) See Second Coming.[1125-75; ME < L adventus arrival, approach, equiv. to ad- AD- + ven- (s. of venire to come) + -tus suffix of verbal action]Syn. 1. onset, beginning, commencement, start.
* * *In the Christian calendar, the first season of the church year, a period of preparation for the birth of Jesus.Advent begins on the Sunday nearest to November 30 and continues until Christmas. Viewed as a penitential season, it is also considered a time of preparation for the Second Coming of Christ. The origin of Advent is unknown, but it was observed as early as the 6th century. In many countries it is celebrated with popular customs such as the lighting of Advent candles.
* * *(from Latin adventus, “coming”), in the Christian church calendar, the period of preparation for the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ at Christmas and also of preparation for the Second Coming of Christ. It begins on the Sunday nearest to November 30 (St. Andrew's Day) and is the beginning of the new church year. The date when the season was first observed is uncertain. Bishop Perpetuus of Tours (461–490) established a fast before Christmas that began on November 11 (St. Martin's Day), and the Council of Tours (567) mentioned an Advent season. Its liturgical meaning referred to the dual “coming” of Jesus—his incarnation in Bethlehem and his second coming as judge at the end of time. Together with Lent it was observed as a penitential season, though not with the same rigour as Lent. Consequently, Advent developed increasingly into the joyful anticipation of Jesus' birth.In many countries it is marked by a variety of popular observances, such as the lighting of Advent candles, one on each of the four Sundays before Christmas.
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