Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square
a large square in central London, England. It was created in 1830–41 and named in honour of Lord Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. In the centre of the square is Nelson’s Column and on one side of it is the National Gallery. It is one of London’s most popular tourist attractions. It is also a place where political protests and other demonstrations are often held and very large numbers of people gather there every year to celebrate New Year.

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  plaza in the City of Westminster (Westminster, City of), London, named for Lord Nelson (Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount)'s naval victory (1805) in the Battle of Trafalgar (Trafalgar, Battle of). Possibly the most famous of all London squares, Trafalgar Square has always been public and has had no garden. Seven major arteries pump automobiles around the great paved space, which is dominated by Nelson's Column (1839–43), a 185-foot- (56-metre-) high monument to Lord Nelson that includes a 17-foot- (5-metre-) high statue of him by E.H. Baily. At the corners of the column's plinth are four bronze lions sculpted by Sir Edwin Landseer (Landseer, Sir Edwin) and cast by Baron Marochetti.

 Trafalgar Square was constructed between the 1820s and '40s on the site of the former King's Mews. It is flanked by the National Gallery and the church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields. The Charing Cross intersection is adjacent to the south, and from it the avenue of the Strand runs off to the City to the east, where its name changes to Fleet Street.

 Traditions associated with Trafalgar Square include political rallies, caroling (in December) around a large Christmas tree sent from Norway (donated since World War II), and boisterous New Year's Eve celebrations.

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Universalium. 2010.

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