- Sears Tower
the tallest building in the US and (from 1974 to 1996) the tallest in the world. It is in Chicago and was built by Sears, Roebuck and Company. It is 1 454 feet/443 metres high, with 110 floors.
* * *Skyscraper office building in Chicago.With 110 floors and a height of 1,450 ft (442 m), it became the world's tallest building at its completion in 1974. Its architect, Fazlur Khan (1928–1982), designed it as a bundled-tube (see skyscraper) structure to resist lateral forces. It is modular in plan, with nine 75-ft-(23-m-) square, column-free units. The exterior is sheathed in black aluminum and bronze-tinted glass. Louvers clad the four floors devoted to the building's mechanical operations. It was the world's tallest building until 1996, when it was surpassed by the Petronas Towers (1,483 ft [452 m]) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
* * *skyscraper office building in Chicago, Illinois, among the world's tallest buildings. The Sears Tower opened to tenants in 1973, though construction was not actually completed until 1974. Built for Sears, Roebuck and Company, the structure reaches 110 floors and a height of 1,450 feet (442 metres), excluding broadcast antennas and their supports. (See Researcher's Note: Height of the Sears Tower.) The architectural firm of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill was responsible for the design and construction of the tower; Bruce Graham served as architect and Fazlur Khan (Khan, Fazlur R.) as structural engineer.Welded steel frames form vertical tubes that provide the rigidity needed to limit the lateral sway from wind forces. This system minimizes the amount of structural steel required for a building of its great height. The steel was prefabricated, with nearly all welding done off the erection site and bolt connections made at the site.The building is modular in plan, with nine 75-foot-square, column-free units. These nine square units comprise a 225-foot-square base. At the 50th floor two diagonally opposite units stop, forming the first step back. The second step back is at the 66th floor with the other two diagonal units stopping, and the last at the 90th floor with three units stopping, leaving an upper tower of 20 stories.The building's exterior is sheathed in black aluminum and bronze-tinted glass. Black bands appear around the building at the 30th–31st, 48th–49th, 64th–65th, and 106th–108th floors, at which points louvers clad the areas devoted to mechanical operations of the building. In the lobby is a major work by the American sculptor Alexander Calder (Calder, Alexander), an enormous motorized mural named “Universe,” which he called a “wallmobile.”The Sears Tower was the world's tallest building until 1996, when it was surpassed by the Petronas Twin Towers (1,483 feet [451.9 metres]) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (See Researcher's Note: Heights of Buildings.)
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