Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality
(abbr CORE)
a US organization that supports equal rights for African Americans by peaceful actions. It was established in 1942 in Chicago by James Farmer. It became well known in the 1960s for encouraging African Americans to vote and for leading freedom riders into the southern states.

* * *

▪ American organization
      interracial American organization established by James Farmer (Farmer, James) in 1942 to improve race relations and end discriminatory policies through direct-action projects. Farmer had been working as the race-relations secretary for the American branch of the pacifist group Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) but resigned over a dispute in policy; he founded CORE as a vehicle for the nonviolent approach to combating racial prejudice that was inspired by Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand).

      CORE's activities began with a sit-in at a coffee shop in Chicago in 1942 for the purpose of protesting segregation in public settings. The event was one of the first such demonstrations in the United States and identified CORE as an influential force in the subsequent desegregation of public facilities in Northern cities. After Southern states ignored the U.S. Supreme Court's 1946 decision regarding the unconstitutionality of segregated seating on interstate buses, CORE and FOR launched the first Freedom Ride (Freedom Rides), an interracial peaceful protest.

      In the late 1950s CORE turned its attention to the South, challenging public segregation and launching voter registration drives for African Americans. It became one of the leading organizations of the civil rights movement in the early 1960s by organizing activist campaigns that tested segregation laws in the South. From this era, the Freedom Rides of 1961 and the Freedom Summer project of 1964 endure as CORE's most memorable contribution to the civil rights struggle. The group's efforts became all the more dramatic when its nonviolent demonstrations were met by vicious responses from whites. CORE volunteers were assaulted, teargassed, and jailed, and some demonstrators were killed. Farmer himself survived a Ku Klux Klan murder plot and once escaped Louisiana state troopers by hiding inside a coffin housed in a hearse. His leadership contributed to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

      By the beginning of the 21st century, CORE's program emphases included worker training and equal employment opportunity, crime victim assistance, and community-oriented crisis intervention. The organization maintains its headquarters in New York City.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Congress Of Racial Equality — Le Congress of Racial Equality (littéralement « Congrès pour l égalité des races ») ou CORE est une organisation américaine de lutte pour les droits civiques créée en 1942 à Chicago. Elle a joué un rôle majeur dans le mouvement afro… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Congress of racial equality — Le Congress of Racial Equality (littéralement « Congrès pour l égalité des races ») ou CORE est une organisation américaine de lutte pour les droits civiques créée en 1942 à Chicago. Elle a joué un rôle majeur dans le mouvement afro… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Congress of Racial Equality —   [ kɔȖgres əv reɪʃl ɪ kwɔlɪti, englisch], Abkürzung CORE [kɔːr], eine Organisation in den USA zur Überwindung der Rassengegensätze, 1942 in Chicago von James Farmer (* 1920) u. a. gegründet, wesentlich unter dem Einfluss der pazifistisch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Congress of Racial Equality — African American topics History  Atlantic slave trade · Maafa Slavery in the United States Military history of African Americans …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of Racial Equality — Der Congress of Racial Equality ist eine 1942 von weißen und schwarzen Gegnern der Rassentrennung gemeinsam gegründete Bürgerrechtsorganisation, die bereits in den 1940er Jahren Sitzstreiks als Protestmittel einsetzte. CORE gehörte in den 1960er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Congress of Racial Equality — Le Congress of Racial Equality (littéralement « Congrès pour l égalité des races ») ou CORE est une organisation américaine de lutte pour les droits civiques créée en 1942 à Chicago. Elle a joué un rôle majeur dans le mouvement afro… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Congress of Racial Equality — noun an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality • Syn: ↑CORE • Hypernyms: ↑nongovernmental organization, ↑NGO …   Useful english dictionary

  • (the) Congress of Racial Equality — the Congress of Racial Equality [the Congress of Racial Equality] (abbr CORE) a US organization supporting equal rights for ↑African Americans by peaceful actions. It was established in 1942 in ↑Chicago by James Farmer. It became well known …   Useful english dictionary

  • Racial equality — refers to equal treatment toward people of different human races.It can also refer to:*Congress of Racial Equality, an American civil rights organization formed in 1942 *Commission for Racial Equality, a former public body of the United Kingdom,… …   Wikipedia

  • Commission for Racial Equality — Not to be confused with Congress of Racial Equality. The Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) was a non departmental public body in the United Kingdom which aimed to tackle racial discrimination and promote racial equality. Its work has been… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”