sper-

sper-
To strew.
Derivatives include sprawl, sperm1, and sporadic.
I. Zero-grade form *spr-.
1. sprawl, from Old English sprēawlian, to sprawl, from Germanic *spr-.
2. Extended form *spreud-.
a. sprout, from Old English -sprūtan, to sprout (only in ā-sprūtan, to sprout forth);
b. spritz, spritzer, from Middle High German sprützen, to spurt, spray;
c. sprit, from Old English sprēot, pole (< “sprout, stem”);
d. bowsprit, from Middle Low German bōchsprēt, bowsprit. a-d all from Germanic *sprūt-.
3. Extended form *spreit-. spray2, spread, from Old English -sprǣdan, to spread, from Germanic *spraidjan.
II. Basic form *sper-.
1. Suffixed form *sper-yo-. Diaspora, from Greek speirein, to scatter, with derivative sporā, a scattering, sowing (see II. 1.).
2. Suffixed form *sper-mn̥. sperm1, from Greek sperma, sperm, seed (< “that which is scattered”).
III. O-grade form *spor-.
1. Suffixed form *spor-ā-. spore, sporo-; exosporium, from Greek sporā, a sowing, seed.
2. Suffixed form *spor-n̥d-. sporadic, from Greek sporas (stem sporad-), scattered, dispersed.
IV. Extended Germanic root *sprē(w)-. spray1, from Middle Dutch spraeien, sprayen, to sprinkle, from Germanic *sprēwjan.
 
[Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er- 993.]

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