spek-

spek-
To observe. Oldest form *spek̑-, becoming *spek- in centum languages.
I. Basic form *spek-.
1.
a. espy, spy, from Old French espier, to watch;
b. espionage, from Old Italian spione, spy, from Germanic derivative *speh-ōn-, watcher. Both a and b from Germanic *spehōn.
3. species, specious; especial, from Latin speciēs, a seeing, sight, form.
4. Suffixed form *spek-s, “he who sees,” in Latin compounds.
a. Latin haruspex (see gherə-);
b. Latin auspex (see awi-).
5. Suffixed form *spek-ā-. despicable, from Latin (denominative) dēspicārī, to despise, look down on (dē-, down; see de-).
6. Suffixed metathetical form *skep-yo-. skeptic, from Greek skeptesthai, to examine, consider.
II. Extended o-grade form *spoko-. scope, -scope, -scopy; bishop, episcopal, horoscope, telescope, from metathesized Greek skopos, one who watches, also object of attention, goal, and its denominative skopein (< *skop-eyo-), to see.
 
[Pokorny spek̑- 984.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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