Elbow, forearm.
1. Extended form *el-inā-, elbow.
a. ell2, from Old English eln, forearm, cubit, from Germanic *elinō;
b. elbow, from Old English elnboga, elbow, from Germanic compound *elino-bugōn-, “bend of the forearm,” elbow (*bugōn-, bend, bow; see bheug-);
c. ulna, from Latin ulna, forearm.
2. Extended o-grade form *ol-enā-. uilleann pipe, from Old Irish uilenn, elbow.
3. Extended lengthened o-grade form *ōl-enā-. olecranon, from Greek ōlenē, elbow.
4. Extended basic form *el-in-. arshin, from Old Persian arašn-, ell, from Indo-Iranian *aratn(i)-, probably from a variant *el-etn- of *el-in-.
[Pokorny 8. el- 307.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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