bhreu-

bhreu-
Also bhreuə-, bhreəu-. To boil, bubble, effervesce, burn; with derivatives referring to cooking and brewing. Oldest form *bhreuə₁-.
Derivatives include brew, bread, broth, brood, breed, ferment, and fervent.
I.
1. brew, from Old English brēowan, to brew, from Germanic *breuwan, to brew.
2. bread, from Old English brēad, piece of food, bread, from Germanic *braudam, (cooked) food, (leavened) bread.
3.
a. blaff, broth, from Old English broth, broth;
b. brewis, broil2; embroil, imbroglio, from Vulgar Latin *brodum, broth. Both a and b from Germanic *brudam, broth.
II. Variant form *bhrē- (from *bhreə-).
1.
a. brood, from Old English brōd, offspring, brood;
b. breed, from Old English brēdan, to beget or cherish offspring, breed, from Germanic denominative *brōdjan, to rear young. Both a and b from Germanic derivative *brōd-ō, “a warming,” hatching, rearing of young.
2.
a. bratwurst, sauerbraten, from Old High German brāt, brāto, roast meat;
b. brawn, from Old French braon, meat. Both a and b from Germanic derivative *brēd-ōn-, roast flesh. Both 1 and 2 from Germanic *brēdan, to warm.
III. Variant form *bhres-.
a. braise, braze2, brazier2, breeze2, bresaola, from Old French brese, burning coal, ember;
b. braciola, from Italian dialectal bras’a, burning coal. Both a and b from Germanic *bres-.
IV. Reduced form *bher-, especially in derivatives referring to fermentation.
1.
a. Suffixed form *bher-men-, yeast. barm, barmy, from Old English beorma, yeast, from Germanic *bermōn-;
b. further suffixed form *bhermen-to-. ferment, from Latin fermentum, yeast.
2. Extended form *bherw-. fervent, fervid, fervor; defervescence, effervesce, from Latin fervēre, to be boiling or fermenting.
V. As a very archaic word for a spring.
1. Suffixed zero-grade form *bhru-n(e)n-. bourn1, burn2, from Old English burn, burna, spring, stream, from Germanic *brunnōn-.
2. Suffixed form *bhrēw-r̥. phreatic, from Greek phrear, spring.
 
[Pokorny bh(e)reu- 143, 2. bher- 132.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • bhreu-s-1 —     bhreu s 1     English meaning: to swell     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘schwellen; sprießen”     Note: (compare above bhreu )     Material: O.Ir. brū f., gen. bronn “belly, body” (*bhrus ō[n]: n os), brūach “ big bellied “ (*brusükos), Welsh bru… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bhreu-k̂- (-k-) —     bhreu k̂ ( k )     English meaning: to strike; to throw     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘streichen, streifen”     Note: only balto Slav., probably extension from bhrē̆ u 1. For k compare above S. 18 Anm.     Material: Lith. braukiù braukiaũ… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bhreu-s-2 —     bhreu s 2     English meaning: to break     Deutsche Übersetzung: “zerbrechen, zerschlagen, zerkrũmeln under likewise”     Note: extension from bhrē̆ u 1.     Material: Alb. breshën, breshër “hail”, if eig. “granule, mica” (e = IE eu); Lat.… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bhreuə- — See bhreu . * * * …   Universalium

  • bhreu-, bhreu-d- —     bhreu , bhreu d     English meaning: to swell, sprout     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘sprießen, schwellen”     Material: Lat. frutex, icis m. “ a shrub, bush; as a term of reproach, blockhead “ based on probably on a participle *bhrūto s “… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bhrēu-2, bhrū- —     bhrēu 2, bhrū     English meaning: edge     Deutsche Übersetzung: “Kante, scharfer Rand”     Note: The group is extended from bher ‘stand up; edge”.     Material: O.Ir. brū “edge, bank, border, shore”, bruach ds. (*brū üko ); O.Ice. brūn… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bhrū-2, bhrēu- —     bhrū 2, bhrēu     English meaning: beam, bridge     Deutsche Übersetzung: “Balken, Prũgel”; also as Ü bergang about ein Gewässer: “Brũcke”     Material: O.Ice. brū f. “bridge”; O.Ice. bryggia “ wharf, pier “ N.Ger. brũgge ds., O.H.G.… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bh(e)reu- : bh(e)rū̆ - —     bh(e)reu : bh(e)rū̆     English meaning: to boil, to be wild     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘sich heftig bewegen, wallen, especially vom Aufbrausen beim Gären, Brauen, Kochen etc”     Note: extension from bher 2.     Material: A. ablaut bheru… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bhrē̆ u-1, bhrū̆ - —     bhrē̆ u 1, bhrū̆     English meaning: to pierce, break     Deutsche Übersetzung: “with scharfem Werkzeug schneiden, abschaben etc”, especially Gmc. “zerschlagen, brechen”     Note: extension from bher     Material: O.Ind. bhrūṇ a m “embryo”… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

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