bhreg-

bhreg-
To break.
Derivatives include breach, fraction, frail1, infringe, and suffrage.
1.
a. break, from Old English brecan, to break;
b. breach, from Old English brēc, a breaking;
c. brash2, breccia, from Italian breccia, breccia, rubble, breach in a wall, from Old High German *brehha, from brehhan, to break;
d. bray2, from Old French breier, to break;
e. brioche, from Old French brier, dialectal variant of broyer, to knead. a-e all from Germanic *brekan.
2. bracken, brake4, from Middle English brake(n), bracken, probably from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse *brakni, undergrowth;
b. brake5, from Middle Low German brake, thicket. Both a and b from Germanic *brak-, bushes (< “that which impedes motion”).
3. brake2, from Middle Low German brake, flax brake, from Germanic *brāk-, crushing instruments.
5.
a. suffragan, suffrage, from Latin suffrāgium, the right to vote, from suffrāgārī, to vote for (? < “to use a broken piece of tile as a ballot”);
b. irrefragable, from Latin refrāgārī, to vote against.
 
[Pokorny 1. bhreg̑- 165 (but not on good evidence).]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • bhreĝ-2 —     bhreĝ 2     English meaning: to stick (?)     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘steif emporstehen”     Note: extension from bher “ stand up, edge, bristle” etc, seeks Persson Beitr. 22 f. A. 2 in:     Material: O.Ind. bhraj ‘stiffness (of the member),… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bherǝĝ -, bhrēĝ - —     bherǝĝ , bhrēĝ     English meaning: to shine; white, *ash wood, ashen, birch tree, elm     Deutsche Übersetzung: “glänzen, weiß”     Note: equivalent with bherē̆ k̂ , s. d. the groups bhereĝ , bherek̂ shine, appear, seem to be extensions… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • brechen — Vst. std. (8. Jh.), mhd. brechen, ahd. brehhan, as. brekan Stammwort. Aus g. * brek a Vst. brechen , auch in gt. brikan, ae. brecan, afr. breka; dieses aus ig. * bhreg brechen , das vielfach ein Nasalpräsens aufwies, wodurch das r ausgedrängt… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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  • Brioche — (pronunciation, in French IPA| [bʁiɔʃ] ; English Received Pronunciation chiefly IPA| [briɒʃ] ; American English IPA| [bɹioʊʃ] ) is a highly enriched French bread, whose high egg and butter content give it what is seen as a rich and tender crumb.… …   Wikipedia

  • septifragal — [sep tif′rə gəl] adj. 〚 SEPTI 2 + base of L frangere, to BREAK + AL〛 opening, or dehiscing, by the breaking away of the outer walls of the carpels from the partitions septifragally adv. * …   Universalium

  • brechen — (Rekord) schlagen; überbieten; toppen (umgangssprachlich); übertreffen; hochwürgen; über die Zunge scheißen (derb); erbrechen; speiben (österr.); reihern ( …   Universal-Lexikon

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