- Western Isles
administration division of W Scotland comprising the Outer Hebrides: 1,119 sq mi (2,898 sq km); pop. 30,000
* * *a council area of north-west Scotland, often called by its official Gaelic name ‘Eilean Siar’. It consists of the islands of the Outer Hebrides: Lewis with Harris, North Uist, South Uist and Barra. Its administrative centre is Stornoway. The term Western Isles is also sometimes used to mean all the islands in the Hebrides.
* * *Gaelic Eilean Siarcouncil area of Scotland, in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwestern coast of the Scottish mainland, comprising the islands of the Outer Hebrides. Lewis, the northern part of the principal island of Lewis and Harris, is part of the historic county of Ross-shire in the historic region of Ross and Cromarty, and the rest of the Western Isles council area belongs to the historic county of Inverness-shire.Crofting (tenant farming) is the traditional mainstay of the economy and still persists. The typical croft is just a few acres with a handful of sheep, a cow, and enough crops to supplement the diet and provide a small income. Peat is cut in the extensive moors of the islands' interior and is used to heat the crofters' homes. The islands are known for their high-quality Harris tweed, which is traditionally woven on handlooms by the crofters at home. Fishing is important, though it has declined since the heyday of herring fishery in the early 20th century. The islands also rely economically on tourism. Stornoway on Lewis is the chief town and the commercial and administrative centre of the Western Isles. It has a good natural harbour and contains ship-repair facilities. Area 1,180 square miles (3,055 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 26,350.
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