dictatorship of the proletariat

dictatorship of the proletariat
n.
absolute control of economic and political power in a country by a government of the working class (proletariat): regarded in Communist theory as a means of effecting the transition from capitalism to communism

* * *

▪ Marxist doctrine
      in Marxism, rule by the proletariat—the economic and social class consisting of industrial workers who derive income solely from their labour—during the transitional phase between the abolition of capitalism and the establishment of communism. During this transition, the proletariat is to suppress resistance to the socialist revolution by the bourgeoisie, destroy the social relations of production underlying the class system, and create a new, classless society.

      The dictatorship of the proletariat originally was conceived by Karl Marx (Marx, Karl) (1818–83) as a dictatorship by the majority class. Because Marx regarded all governments as class dictatorships (dictatorship), he viewed proletarian dictatorship as no worse than any other form of government. However, the in Russia (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) in 1917 resulted in a dictatorship not of the majority class of proletarians but of a political party that claimed to represent proletarian interests. Contrary to Marx's vision and as George Orwell (Orwell, George) (1903–50), Mikhail Bakunin (Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich) (1814–76), and others had foreseen, the proposed dictatorship of the proletariat eventually became a dictatorship of former proletarians.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dictatorship of the proletariat — n. absolute control of economic and political power in a country by a government of the working class (proletariat): regarded in Communist theory as a means of effecting the transition from capitalism to communism …   English World dictionary

  • Dictatorship of the proletariat — Part of a series on Marxism …   Wikipedia

  • Dictatorship of the Proletariat —    This term is used by Karl Marx to refer to the transitional period between capitalism and communism. A specific definition of the term is lacking, but from various references in The Class Struggles in France (1850), The Civil War in France… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • dictatorship of the proletariat — the assumption of political power by the proletariat with concomitant repression of previously controlling or governing classes that in Marxist philosophy is considered an essential preliminary to establishment of the classless state …   Useful english dictionary

  • dictatorship of the proletariat — noun The temporary period following the fall of capitalism characterized by a struggle to achieve a classless, stateless and moneyless communist society …   Wiktionary

  • dictatorship of the proletariat — See Lenin …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Party of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat — The Party of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat ( Partiya Diktaturi Proletariata ) is a communist political party in Russia.PDP was founded in 1990.The party is based in the city of Samara and it is led by Grigory Isayev.PDP publishes Zabastovka …   Wikipedia

  • dictatorship of the majority — noun A situation in which a government or other authority democratically supported by a majority of its subjects makes policies or takes actions benefiting that majority, without regard for the rights or welfare of the rest of its subjects. As to …   Wiktionary

  • Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers / Reorganizative Movement of the Party of the Proletariat — The Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers / Reorganizative Movement of the Party of the Proletariat (Portuguese: Partido Comunista dos Trabalhadores Portugueses / Movimento Reorganizativo do Partido do Proletariado or PCTP/MRPP [It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Proletariat (disambiguation) — Proletariat may refer to:Working Class*Proletariat, the working classMarxism*Dictatorship of the proletariat, a Marxist political term *Lumpenproletariat, a term from Karl Marx and Friedrich Engel s work, The German Ideology Music*The Proletariat …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”