commons

commons
commons [käm′ənz]
pl.n.
see COMMON
1. the common people; commonalty
2. [often with sing. v.]
a) the body politic that is made up of commoners
3. [often with sing. v.]
a) food provided for meals in common for all members of a group
b) a room, building, table, or tables where such food is served, as at a college
c) an allowance or ration of food

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▪ public land area
      in Anglo-American property law, an area of land for use by the public. The term originated in feudal England, where the “waste,” or uncultivated land, of a lord's manor could be used for pasture and firewood by his tenants. For centuries this right of commons conflicted with the lord's right to “approve” (i.e., appropriate for his own use) any of his waste, provided he left enough land to support the commoners' livestock. In the 19th century the right of approvement was in effect assumed by the government. Under modern agriculture, common pasturing became obsolete, and commons became public land used mostly for recreation.

      In the American Colonies, where there was no manorial system, commons took the form of a town square or green devoted to municipal or recreational use.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • Commons — Com mons, n. pl., 1. The mass of the people, as distinguished from the titled classes or nobility; the commonalty; the common people. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] T is like the commons, rude unpolished hinds, Could send such message to their sovereign.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Commons — n. Parks and other land set aside for public use. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008. Commons See …   Law dictionary

  • Commons —   [ kɔmənz; englisch »Gemeine«] Plural, im britischen Verfassungsrecht die Mitglieder des Unterhauses (House of Commons).   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Commons — (engl., spr. komm ns), die Gemeinen, in der engl. Parlamentsverfassung die Mitglieder des Unterhauses (House of C.), Gegensatz: das aus den Peers gebildete Oberhaus (House of Lords) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Commons — Wikimedia Commons Logo de Wikimedia Commons Aperçu de la page d accueil d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Commons — Der englische Begriff Commons, abgeleitet von common „gemein(sam)“ bezeichnet dort Gemeingut, Gemeinwohl oder Allmende. International ist er gebräuchlich für: House of Commons, das Unterhaus des Parlaments in Großbritannien House of Commons… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • commons — noun a) A dining hall, usually at a college or university. The Renaissance festival started with the peasants meeting in the commons. b) A central section of (usually an older) town, designated as a shared area, a common. The commons is the green …   Wiktionary

  • Commons — noun a) The House of Commons, part of the parliament under the Westminister system of parliamentary democracy. b) The House of Commons, part of the parliament of the United Kingdom …   Wiktionary

  • Commons — …   Википедия

  • Commons-based peer production — is a term coined by Harvard Law School professor Yochai Benkler to describe a new model of socio economic production in which the creative energy of large numbers of people is coordinated (usually with the aid of the Internet) into large,… …   Wikipedia

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