Ba·yeux (bī-yo͞oʹ, bā-, bä-yœʹ)
A town of northwest France northwest of Caen near the English Channel. The famed Bayeux tapestry, housed in a museum here, depicts incidents in the Norman Conquest (1066). Population: 14,721.

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      town, Calvados département, Basse-Normandie région, northwestern France. It lies on the Aure River, northwest of Caen. As Bajocasses, it was a capital of the Gauls, then, as Augustodurum and, later, Civitas Baiocassium, it was an important Roman city that became a bishopric in the 4th century. Captured in 880 by Rollo the Viking, it became a Norman stronghold. While Rouen was completely Gallicized, Bayeux remained Norse-speaking. During the quarrels between the sons of William I, Henry I of England pillaged the town in 1106. Bayeux was besieged and taken on several occasions during the Hundred Years' War and the 16th-century Wars of Religion. Occupied (World War II) by the Germans in June 1940, it was the first town liberated by the Allies (June 7, 1944) and the first to receive Gen. Charles de Gaulle (June 14) on his promised return to France.

      A bypass encloses the town, which is in part modern and in part medieval, with half-timbered houses and cobbled streets. Its Gothic cathedral, mainly 13th century, has an 11th-century crypt. The Bishop's Palace (11th–14th century) now serves as the hôtel de ville, law courts, and art gallery. The renowned Bayeux Tapestry, telling the story of the Norman Conquest of England, is displayed in the palace in the Museum of the Tapestry of Queen Matilda (Bayeux Museum), a vast room especially designed for it.

      Dairy products are processed and electrical appliances and equipment are manufactured at Bayeux. Its service activities have expanded rapidly, and Bayeux is an important tourist centre. Pop. (1999) 14,961; (2005 est.) 14,600.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bayeux — • Coextensive with the Department of Calvados, is suffragan to the Archbishopric of Rouen Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bayeux     Bayeux      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Bayeux —   [ba jø], Sltadt in der Normandie, im Département Calvados, Frankreich, 8 km vom Meer entfernt an der Aure, 14 700 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz;   Wirtschaft:   Zentrum eines intensiv genutzten agrarischen Umlands, v. a …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — v. de France, ch. l. d arr. du Calvados, sur l Aure; 15 106 hab. Cath. goth. (XIIIe s.). La bibliothèque abrite la tapisserie de Bayeux (70,34 m de long) représentant la conquête de l Angleterre par les Normands …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bayeux — BAYEUX, Le pays à l entour de Bayeux, Bellocassij, nunc Baiocenses, ville episcopale en Normandie …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Bayeux — (spr. Bajöh), 1) Bezirk im französischen Departement Calvados, 82,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt darin in einem fruchtbaren Thale, unweit der Mündung der Aure in den Kanal, Sitz des Suffraganbischofs von Rouen; Handelsgericht, Börse, schöne Kathedrale,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — (spr. bajö), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Calvados, an der Aure, 8 km vom Meer an der Westbahn gelegen, hat eine gotische Kathedrale (13. Jahrh.) mit drei hohen Türmen, von denen einer mit einer Kuppel gekrönt ist, einen alten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — (spr. bajöh), das alte Augustomagus, Stadt in der Normandie (Dep. Calvados), an der Aure, (1901) 7806 E., Kathedrale. In der Bibliothek die Tapisserie de B. (70 m lg.) aus dem 11. Jahrh., Wilhelms des Eroberers Taten in England darstellend …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayeux — (frz. Bajöh), Hauptstadt des franz. Departements Calvados, in der Nähe der Küste, 10000 E., Bischofssitz, Handelskammer, Porzellan und Spitzenfabriken, lebhafter Handel. Im Stadthause ist die berühmte Tapete von B., eine Schlacht Wilhelms des… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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