Straight-chain saturated acids and their methyl esters

Straight-chain saturated acids and their methyl esters

Table
Straight-chain saturated acids and their methyl esters
acid methyl ester
chain
length IUPAC
name common
name melting point
(°C) boiling point
(°C) melting point
(°C) boiling point*
(°C)
  1 methanoic formic 8 101 — 32  
  2 ethanoic acetic 17 118 — 56  
  3 propanoic propionic −21 141 — 80  
  4 butanoic butyric −8 162 — 102  
  5 pentanoic valeric −35 184 — 127  
  6 hexanoic caproic −2 205 — 150  
  7 heptanoic enanthic −9 223 — 172  
  8 octanoic caprylic 16 240 — 193  
  9 nonanoic pelargonic 15 255 — 214  
10 decanoic capric 31 268 — 224  
11 undecanoic — 29 284 — 1239
12 dodecanoic lauric 44 299 5 262  
13 tridecanoic — 45 312 6 901
14 tetradecanoic myristic 54 — 19 1292
15 pentadecanoic — 53 — 18 1413
16 hexadecanoic palmitic 63 — 31 1482
17 heptadecanoic margaric 63 — 30 —  
18 octadecanoic stearic 70 — 39 —  
19 nonadecanoic — 69 — 39 —  
20 eicosanoic arachidic 77 — 46 —  
21 heneicosanoic — 82 — 49 —  
22 docosanoic behenic 81 — 54 —  
23 tricosanoic — 79 — 53 —  
24 tetracosanoic lignoceric 88 — 60 —  
25 pentacosanoic — 84 — 61 —  
26 hexacosanoic cerotic 88 — 64 —  
27 heptacosanoic — 82 — 64 —  
28 octacosanoic montanic 90 — 67 —  
29 nonacosanoic — 90 — 69 —  
30 triacontanoic melissic 94 — 72 —  
*Boiling point at 760 millimetres unless at 1, 2, 3, or 9 millimetres as indicated by superscript.
See as table:

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mathematics and Physical Sciences — ▪ 2003 Introduction Mathematics       Mathematics in 2002 was marked by two discoveries in number theory. The first may have practical implications; the second satisfied a 150 year old curiosity.       Computer scientist Manindra Agrawal of the… …   Universalium

  • carboxylic acid — Chem. any organic acid containing one or more carboxyl groups. [1900 05; CARBOXYL + IC] * * * Any organic compound with the general chemical formula ―COOH in which a carbon (C) atom is bonded to an oxygen (O) atom by a double bond to make a… …   Universalium

  • lipid — /lip id, luy pid/, n. Biochem. any of a group of organic compounds that are greasy to the touch, insoluble in water, and soluble in alcohol and ether: lipids comprise the fats and other esters with analogous properties and constitute, with… …   Universalium

  • Dicarboxylic acid — Dicarboxylic acids are organic compounds that contain two carboxylic acid functional groups. In molecular formulae for dicarboxylic acids, these groups are often written as HOOC R COOH, where R may be an alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, or aryl group.… …   Wikipedia

  • Fatty acid — Not to be confused with fat. Butyric acid, a short chain fatty acid Types of fats in food Unsaturated fat Monounsaturated fat Polyun …   Wikipedia

  • Carboxylic acid — Structure of a carboxylic acid Carboxylate ion …   Wikipedia

  • Alkane — Not to be confused with Alkene or Alkyne. Chemical structure of methane, the simplest alkane Alkanes (also known as paraffins or saturated hydrocarbons) are chemical compounds that consist only of hydrogen and carbon atoms and are bonded… …   Wikipedia

  • Biodiesel — This article is about transesterified lipids. For hydrogenated alkane renewable diesel, see Vegetable oil refining. For biomass and organic waste to fuel production, see Biomass to liquid. For unmodified vegetable oil used as motor fuel, see… …   Wikipedia

  • chemical compound — Introduction  any substance composed of identical molecules consisting of atoms (atom) of two or more chemical elements (chemical element).       All the matter in the universe is composed of the atoms of more than 100 different chemical elements …   Universalium

  • Organic chemistry — Structure of the methane molecule: the simplest hydrocarbon compound. Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline within chemistry involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation (by synthesis or by… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”