Turkic Languages*, Table

Turkic Languages*, Table

Table
Table 38: Turkic Languages*
  approximate
number of speakers
Southwestern (Oghuz) branch
  West Oghuz 
    Turkish (Turkey 55,000,000; Germany 2,000,000; Bulgaria 800,000)1    60,000,000
    Gagauz (Moldova 153,000; Ukraine 44,000)        200,000
    Azerbaijani (Azerbaijanian; Iran 15,000,000; Azerbaijan 6,600,000)2    21,600,000
  East Oghuz
    Turkmen (Turkmenistan 2,700,000; Iran 500,000)3      4,000,000
    Khorasan Turkic (Iran)     2,000,000
  South Oghuz
    Afshar, Qashqai, and various dialects (Iran, Afghanistan)      500,000
  South Kipchak
    Kazak (Kazakstan 7,900,000; China 1,200,000; Uzbekistan 900,000)4    10,500,000
    Karakalpak (Uzbekistan)        400,000
    Nogay (Nogai; Russia)          67,000
    Kyrgyz (Kyrgyzstan 2,300,000; Uzbekistan 170,000; China 150,000)     2,620,000
  North Kipchak
    Tatar (Russia 4,700,000; Uzbekistan 420,000; Kazakstan 230,000)5 
    5,500,000
    Bashkir (Russia)
    1,000,000
    West Siberian dialects (Russia)
               n/a
  West Kipchak
    Kumyk (Russia)
        275,000
    Karachay (Russia)
        150,000
    Balkar (Russia)
          80,000
    Crimean Tatar (Uzbekistan)6 
        270,000
    Karaim (Lithuania, Ukraine)7 
               100
Southeastern (Uighur-Chagatai) branch
  Western group
    Uzbek (Uzbekistan 16,500,000; Afghanistan 1,600,000)8 
  20,600,000
  Eastern group
    Uighur (China 7,500,000)
    7,730,000
    Yellow Uighur (Sarig; China)
             4,1007
    Salar (China)
           87,0007
  North Siberian 
    Yakut (Russia)
       365,000
    Dolgan (Russia)
           5,700
  South Siberian 
    Tuvan (Russia 205,000; Mongolia 25,000)
       230,000
    Tofa (Karagas; Russia)
              300
    Altay and various dialects (Russia)
         60,000
    Khakas (Khakass; Russia)
         62,000
    Shor and various dialects (Russia)
         10,000
Chuvash (Volga-Bolgar) (Russia
    1,400,000
Khalaj (Arghu) (Iran
         28,000
Total Turkic language speakers**
140,000,000
See as table:
*Alternate names or spellings and/or geographic location of the main language areas are given in parentheses. Figures should be considered estimates only. Figures for certain numbers of speakers are not available (n/a).     1Considerable portions of the population speak Kurdish and other languages, sometimes with limited knowledge of Turkish.     2Speakers of Turkish also inhabit many countries of western Europe and other countries in substantial number.     3Significant numbers of Azerbaijani (Azerbaijanian) speakers also are found in Iraq, Russia, and Armenia.     4Also in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Pakistan.     5Also in Russia, Mongolia, and Turkmenistan.     6Also in Romania.     7Also in Romania and Bulgaria.     8Ethnic group is larger.     9Also substantial numbers in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakstan, Russia.     10Also in Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan.     **Figures do not add up because of rounding.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

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