Turkic Languages*, Table

Turkic Languages*, Table

Table 38: Turkic Languages*
number of speakers
Southwestern (Oghuz) branch
  West Oghuz 
    Turkish (Turkey 55,000,000; Germany 2,000,000; Bulgaria 800,000)1    60,000,000
    Gagauz (Moldova 153,000; Ukraine 44,000)        200,000
    Azerbaijani (Azerbaijanian; Iran 15,000,000; Azerbaijan 6,600,000)2    21,600,000
  East Oghuz
    Turkmen (Turkmenistan 2,700,000; Iran 500,000)3      4,000,000
    Khorasan Turkic (Iran)     2,000,000
  South Oghuz
    Afshar, Qashqai, and various dialects (Iran, Afghanistan)      500,000
  South Kipchak
    Kazak (Kazakstan 7,900,000; China 1,200,000; Uzbekistan 900,000)4    10,500,000
    Karakalpak (Uzbekistan)        400,000
    Nogay (Nogai; Russia)          67,000
    Kyrgyz (Kyrgyzstan 2,300,000; Uzbekistan 170,000; China 150,000)     2,620,000
  North Kipchak
    Tatar (Russia 4,700,000; Uzbekistan 420,000; Kazakstan 230,000)5 
    Bashkir (Russia)
    West Siberian dialects (Russia)
  West Kipchak
    Kumyk (Russia)
    Karachay (Russia)
    Balkar (Russia)
    Crimean Tatar (Uzbekistan)6 
    Karaim (Lithuania, Ukraine)7 
Southeastern (Uighur-Chagatai) branch
  Western group
    Uzbek (Uzbekistan 16,500,000; Afghanistan 1,600,000)8 
  Eastern group
    Uighur (China 7,500,000)
    Yellow Uighur (Sarig; China)
    Salar (China)
  North Siberian 
    Yakut (Russia)
    Dolgan (Russia)
  South Siberian 
    Tuvan (Russia 205,000; Mongolia 25,000)
    Tofa (Karagas; Russia)
    Altay and various dialects (Russia)
    Khakas (Khakass; Russia)
    Shor and various dialects (Russia)
Chuvash (Volga-Bolgar) (Russia
Khalaj (Arghu) (Iran
Total Turkic language speakers**
See as table:
*Alternate names or spellings and/or geographic location of the main language areas are given in parentheses. Figures should be considered estimates only. Figures for certain numbers of speakers are not available (n/a).     1Considerable portions of the population speak Kurdish and other languages, sometimes with limited knowledge of Turkish.     2Speakers of Turkish also inhabit many countries of western Europe and other countries in substantial number.     3Significant numbers of Azerbaijani (Azerbaijanian) speakers also are found in Iraq, Russia, and Armenia.     4Also in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Pakistan.     5Also in Russia, Mongolia, and Turkmenistan.     6Also in Romania.     7Also in Romania and Bulgaria.     8Ethnic group is larger.     9Also substantial numbers in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakstan, Russia.     10Also in Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan.     **Figures do not add up because of rounding.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Siberian Turkic languages — Siberian Turkic Northwestern Turkic Geographic distribution: Siberia Linguistic classification: Turkic Siberian Turkic Subdivisions …   Wikipedia

  • Altaic languages — Group of more than 50 languages, comprising the Turkic, Mongolian, and Manchu Tungus subfamilies. Altaic languages are spoken across Eurasia by more than 140 million people (the overwhelming majority of whom speak Turkic languages). Most scholars …   Universalium

  • Uralic languages — Family of more than 30 languages spoken by some 25 million people in central and northern Eurasia. A primary division is between the Finno Ugric languages, which account for most of the languages and speakers, and the Samoyedic languages. The… …   Universalium

  • List of numbers in various languages — The following tables list the names and symbols for the numbers 0 through 10 in various languages and scripts of the world. Where possible, each language s native writing system is used, along with transliterations in Latin script and other… …   Wikipedia

  • Uyghur Turkic — or Southeastern Common Turkic, also referred to as the Uyguric languages, is a major branch of the Turkic language family. It also has the oldest written records in any Turkic language. The following table is based upon the classification scheme… …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian languages — This article is about the Iranian languages. For languages spoken in Iran, see Languages of Iran. For the official language of Iran, see Persian language. Iranian Geographic distribution: Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and western South Asia… …   Wikipedia

  • Altaic languages — Infobox Language family name=Altaic region=East, North, Central, and West Asia and Eastern Europe familycolor=Altaic family=One of the world s primary language families proto name=Proto Altaic child1=Turkic child2=Mongolic child3=Tungusic… …   Wikipedia

  • Indo-European languages — Indo European redirects here. For other uses, see Indo European (disambiguation). See also: List of Indo European languages Indo European Geographic distribution: Before the 16th century, Europe, and South, Central and Southwest Asia; today… …   Wikipedia

  • Old Turkic script — Infobox Writing system name=Orkhon script type=Alphabet languages=Old Turkic unicode=Not in Unicode fam1=Proto Canaanite fam2=Phoenician fam3=Aramaic fam4=Syriac fam5=Sogdian (controversial) children= Old Hungarian script time=8th to 13th… …   Wikipedia

  • Old Turkic alphabet — Old Turkic script Type Alphabet Languages …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”