Yevtushenko, Yevgeny

Yevtushenko, Yevgeny

▪ Russian poet
in full  Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko , also spelled  Evgenii Evtushenko 
born July 18, 1933, Zima, Irkutsk oblast, Russia, U.S.S.R.
 poet and spokesman for the younger post-Stalin generation of Russian poets, whose internationally publicized demands for greater artistic freedom and for a literature based on aesthetic rather than political standards signaled an easing of Soviet control over artists in the late 1950s and '60s.

      A fourth-generation descendant of Ukrainians exiled to Siberia, Yevtushenko grew up in Moscow and the small town on the Trans-Siberian Railway line that is the setting of his first important narrative poem, Stantsiya Zima (1956; Zima Junction). He was invited to study at the Gorky Institute of World Literature in Moscow, and he gained popularity and official recognition after Joseph Stalin (Stalin, Joseph)'s death in 1953. Yevtushenko's gifts as an orator and publicist, his magnetic personality, and his fearless fight for a return to artistic honesty soon made him a leader of Soviet youth. He revived the brash, slangy, unpoetic language of the early Revolutionary poets Vladimir Mayakovsky (Mayakovsky, Vladimir Vladimirovich) and Sergey Yesenin (Yesenin, Sergey Aleksandrovich) and reintroduced such traditions as love lyrics and personal lyrics, which had been discouraged under Stalinism. His poem Baby Yar (1961), mourning the Nazi massacre of an estimated 34,000 Ukrainian Jews, was an attack on lingering Soviet anti-Semitism.

      Yevtushenko's travels and poetry readings in the United States and Europe established cultural links with the West, but he fell into disfavour at home when he published his Precocious Autobiography in Paris in 1963. He was recalled and his privileges were withdrawn, but he was restored to favour when he published his most ambitious cycle of poems, Bratsk Station (1966; originally published in Russian), in which he contrasts the symbol of a Siberian power plant bringing light to Russia with the symbol of Siberia as a prison throughout Russian history.

      Yevtushenko's play Under the Skin of the Statue of Liberty, which was composed of selections from his earlier poems about the United States, was produced in Moscow in 1972. His first novel, published in Russian in 1982, was translated and published in English as Wild Berries in 1984; that same year, a novella, Ardabiola, appeared in English translation. In 1978 he embarked on an acting career, and in 1981 a book of his photographs, Invisible Threads, was published. He published more poetry in The Collected Poems, 1952–1990 (1991) and The Best of the Best: The Evening Rainbow (1999; also published as Evening Rainbow). His autobiographical novel Don't Die Before Your Death (1994; also published as Don't Die Before You're Dead) treats the attempted coup against Mikhail Gorbachev (Gorbachev, Mikhail) in Soviet Russia in 1991.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Yevtushenko,Yevgeny Aleksandrovich — Yev·tu·shen·ko (yĕv tə shĕngʹkō, yĭf to͞o shĕnʹkə), Yevgeny Aleksandrovich. Born 1933. Russian poet. His work, including “Babi Yar” (1961), often examines Soviet political and social problems. * * * …   Universalium

  • Yevtushenko, Yevgeny —  (1933–) Russian poet. yoicks. Fox hunter’s call …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Yevtushenko, Yevgeny (Aleksandrovich) — born July 18, 1933, Zima, Irkutsk oblast, Russian S.F.S.R. Russian poet. The descendant of Ukrainians exiled to Siberia, he grew up in Moscow and in the small town that is the setting of his first important narrative poem, Zima Junction (1956).… …   Universalium

  • Yevgeny Yevtushenko — Infobox Writer name = Yevgeny Yevtushenko imagesize = 280px caption = Yevgeny Yevtushenko (right) with Richard Nixon pseudonym = birthdate = birth date and age|1933|7|18 birthplace = Zima Junction, Siberia deathdate = deathplace = occupation =… …   Wikipedia

  • Yevgeny — (as used in expressions) Yevtushenko Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Zamyatin Yevgeny Ivanovich Yevgeny Zamiatin * * * …   Universalium

  • YEVTUSHENKO, YEVGENI ALEXANDROVICH° — (1933– ), Soviet Russian poet. A prolific author of topical verse, Yevtushenko became one of the standard bearers of the liberal Soviet intelligentsia during the years following Stalin s death. After the appearance of his first poems in 1949,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yevtushenko — [yev΄to͞o sheŋ′kō] Yevgeny (Aleksandrovich) [yev gen′ē] 1933 ; Soviet poet …   English World dictionary

  • Yevtushenko — biographical name Yevgeny Aleksandrovich 1933 Soviet (Russian born) writer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Yevtushenko — /yev too sheng koh/; Russ. /yif tooh shen keuh/, n. Yevgeny Alexandrovich /yiv gye nyee u lyi ksahn drddeuh vyich/, born 1933, Russian poet. Also, Evtushenko. * * * …   Universalium

  • Yevtushenko — Yev•tu•shen•ko [[t]ˌyɛv tʊˈʃɛŋ koʊ[/t]] n. big Yevgeny Alexandrovich, born 1933, Russian poet …   From formal English to slang

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