Yasnaya Polyana

Yasnaya Polyana

      village and former estate of the Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy (Tolstoy, Leo), in Tula oblast (province), west-central Russia. It lies 100 miles (160 km) south of Moscow. Yasnaya Polyana (“Sunlit Meadows”) was acquired in 1763 by C.F. Volkonsky, Leo Tolstoy's great grandfather. Leo Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana in 1828 and after his marriage in 1862 returned and lived there for another 48 years. Following Tolstoy's conversion to Christian anarchism, Yasnaya Polyana became a pilgrimage centre for his followers. Upon his death in 1910, Tolstoy was buried in a grave marked only by nine oaks on Stary Zakaz (Old Wood) Hill, a few hundred yards from his simply furnished home. Looted during the German occupation in 1941, Tolstoy's home and the remaining portion of the original estate were preserved under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture of the U.S.S.R. The Tolstoy Memorial Museum complex includes the Volkonsky mansion built in the Neoclassical style, a servants' house, coach houses, a park extending to the Voronka River, and Tolstoy's home, with his library of some 22,000 books. The building where Tolstoy organized a school for peasants in the late 1850s has become a literary museum. An Order of Lenin (an award for special services, ratified by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.) was bestowed upon the Yasnaya Polyana museum complex in 1978. Pop. (early 1980s) less than 10,000.

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  • Yasnaya Polyana — (Russian: Ясная Поляна, literally: Clear Glade ) was the home of Leo Tolstoy, located 12 kilometers southwest of Tula, Russia. The writer was born, lived and was buried there.Immediately after Tolstoy s death, the estate was designated his… …   Wikipedia

  • Yasnaya Polyana — Casa de León Tolstói en Yásnaya Polyana. Yásnaya Polyana (en ruso: Ясная Поляна, literalmente Claro del Bosque ) fue donde vivió el prominente escritor ruso León Tolstói, ubicado a 12 kilómetros al suroeste de Tula, Rusia. El escritor nació,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yasnaya Polyana — Original name in latin Yasnaya Polyana Name in other language Jasnaja Poljana, Yasnaya Polyana, Ясная Поляна State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 44.0225 latitude 42.7539 altitude 747 Population 5064 Date 2012 01 19 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Yasnaya Polyana (disambiguation) — Yasnaya Polyana can refer to: *Yasnaya Polyana, the former estate of the writer Leo Tolstoy *Yasnaya Polyana, Altai Krai, a village in Altai Krai, Russia *Yasnaya Polyana, Republic of Dagestan, a village in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia… …   Wikipedia

  • Yasnaya Polyana, Kaliningrad Oblast — Yasnaya Polyana, prior to 1945 known by its German name Trakehnen ( ru. Ясная Поляна; de. Trakehnen; lt. Trakėnai; pl. Trakany) is a settlement in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, southeast of the Red Forest.The settlement was originally the East… …   Wikipedia

  • Yasnaya Polyana — (Russian Clear Glade) Tolstoy family home near Tula about 177 kilometers (110 miles) south of Moscow …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Sage of Yasnaya Polyana — Count Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy (1828–1910) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Leo Tolstoy — Tolstoy and Tolstoi redirect here. For other uses, see Tolstoy (disambiguation). This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Nikolayevich and the family name is Tolstoy. Leo Tolstoy …   Wikipedia

  • Tolstoy, Leo — Russian Lev Nikolayevich, Count Tolstoy born Sept. 9, 1828, Yasnaya Polyana, Tula province, Russian Empire died Nov. 20, 1910, Astapovo, Ryazan province Russian writer, one of the world s greatest novelists. The scion of prominent aristocrats,… …   Universalium

  • Tolstoy — This article is about the Tolstoy family , for other meanings see Tolstoy (disambiguation)Tolstoy, or Tolstoi ( ru. Толстой) is a prominent family of Russian nobility, descending from one Andrey Kharitonovich Tolstoy (i.e., the Fat ) who served… …   Wikipedia

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