Woolston, Thomas

Woolston, Thomas

▪ English theologian
born 1670, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Eng.
died Jan. 27, 1733, London

      English religious writer and Deist (Deism).

      Woolston became a fellow at the University of Cambridge in 1691. After studying the work of Origen, a 3rd-century theologian of Alexandria who in his allegorical interpretation of Scripture stressed the spiritual qualities of creation over the material, Woolston also began to interpret Scripture allegorically rather than literally. He soon came into conflict with the government, and, when it was reported that his mind had become defective, he was deprived of his fellowship, and in 1721 went to live in London. He formally entered into the Deist (Deism) controversy with his book The Moderator Between an Infidel and an Apostate (1725). In addition to questioning prophecies and the Resurrection of Christ, Woolston insisted on an allegorical interpretation of biblical miracles (miracle). He applied his principles in particular in A Discourse on Our Saviour's Miraculous Power of Healing (1730), which reportedly sold 30,000 copies. Woolston thus played a pivotal role in the denial of the miracles in the Gospel. In 1729 Woolston was arrested and tried for publishing the series, sentenced to a year's imprisonment, and ordered to pay a fine, with imprisonment until the fine was paid. Unable to raise funds to pay the penalty, he died in confinement.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WOOLSTON, THOMAS —    an eccentric semi deistical writer, born at Northampton, who maintained a lifelong polemic against the literal truth of the Bible, and insisted that the miraculous element in it must be allegorically interpreted, with such obstinacy that he… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Thomas Woolston — (baptised November 1668 January 27, 1733) [William H. Trapnell, Thomas Woolston: Madman and Deist? Thoemmes Press, 1994. ISBN 1 855 06227 5] [William H. Trapnell, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/index/101029963/ ‘Woolston, Thomas (bap. 1668, d. 1733)’] …   Wikipedia

  • WOOLSTON (T.) — WOOLSTON THOMAS (1669 1733) Précurseur de l’esprit critique qui, au XVIIIe siècle, accablera la religion chrétienne de son ironie, Woolston se rattache aussi à la tradition de Johannes Denck en privilégiant l’esprit aux dépens de la lettre. Mais …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thomas G. Woolston — is the patented inventor of several important online auction technologies. He is also the founder of MercExchange.Mr. Woolston served in the US Air Force, has an undergraduate degree in electrical engineering from George Washington University and …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Woolston — (1669 1731) fut un déiste anglais. Né à Northampton, il étudia la théologie à Cambridge puis occupa une chaire au collège de Sidney Sussex dans cette même université, chaire qu il perdit à cause de la hardiesse de ses opinions. En effet, il se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Woolston — (spr. Wulst n), Thomas, geb. 1669 in Northampton, studirte bis 1720 in Cambridge Theologie, wurde aber aus Rache gegen die Geistlichkeit, welche ihn zu einem Amte nicht beförderlich war, ein Gegner des Christenthums u. Zweifler an der Wahrheit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Woolston — (Ulst n), Thomas, gleich Toland, Collins, Shaftesbury u.a. einer der Freidenker, an denen England im 17. und 18. Jahrh. überreich war, geb. 1669 zu Northampton, wurde Mitglied des Sidneycollegs in Cambridge und Baccalaureus der Theologie. Er… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Thomas Sherlock — (1678 ndash; 18 July 1761) was an English divine who served as a Church of England bishop for 33 years. He is also noted in church history as an important contributor to Christian apologetics.Early lifeHe was the son of William Sherlock and was… …   Wikipedia

  • Woolston, Hampshire — Infobox UK place country = England map type = Southampton official name= Woolston latitude = 50.8931 longitude = 1.3765 unitary england= Southampton lieutenancy england=Hampshire post town= SOUTHAMPTON postcode area= SO dial code= 023… …   Wikipedia

  • SHERLOCK, THOMAS —    English prelate, born in London; became bishop in succession of Bangor, Salisbury, and London, declining the Primacy; wrote several theological works, and took up arms against the rationalists of the day, such as Collins and Woolston (1678… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”