Woodward, C. Vann

Woodward, C. Vann

▪ American historian and educator
in full  Comer Vann Woodward 
born Nov. 13, 1908, Vanndale, Ark., U.S.
died Dec. 17, 1999, Hamden, Conn.

      American historian and educator who became the leading interpreter of the post-Civil War history of the American South.

      Woodward graduated from Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1930, took a master's degree from Columbia University in 1932, and received a Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina in 1937. After holding various teaching positions, he was a member of the history faculty at Johns Hopkins University from 1946 to 1961 and was a professor of history at Yale University from 1961 until his retirement in 1977.

      Woodward's writings represented an extremely subtle and thoughtful revision of the history of the American South. In his first major work, the biography Tom Watson, Agrarian Rebel (1938), he interpreted the conversion of that fiery agrarian reformer into a racist demagogue as a reflection of the defeat of the Populist reform movement in Southern politics. In Origins of the New South 1877–1913 (1951), he examined the disenfranchisement of Southern blacks in the 1890s in the light of political struggles between poor white farmers, agrarian reformers, and Populist politicians on the one hand and the large mercantile, industrial, and landholding interests on the other. His analysis of the political deals associated with the contested Hayes-Tilden presidential election, Reunion and Reaction: The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction (1951), emphasized the economic motives that influenced that historic compromise. Woodward's most widely read book was The Strange Career of Jim Crow (1955), in which he showed that the legal segregation of whites and blacks was not rooted in “time immemorial” as had been routinely claimed by Southerners but was actually a relatively recent phenomenon that had been erected in the South following the defeat of the Populist movement in the 1890s. The book helped provide a rationale for attempts at desegregation in the 1950s and '60s because it showed that whites had lived on basically equal terms with blacks for two decades even after the end of Reconstruction in 1876.

      Woodward's other works include The Battle for Leyte Gulf (1947), which was based on his experiences in the U.S. Navy during World War II, and Mary Chesnut's Civil War (1981), a collection of original Civil War-era letters he edited and which earned him the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for history. His autobiography, Thinking Back: The Perils of Writing History, was published in 1986.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Woodward, C Vann — ▪ 2000       American historian (b. Nov. 13, 1908, Vanndale, Ark. d. Dec. 17, 1999, Hamden, Conn.), combined his scholarship abilities, especially his knowledge of history, and his sense of social justice with his talents for storytelling to… …   Universalium

  • Woodward — noun 1. United States chemist honored for synthesizing complex organic compounds (1917 1979) • Syn: ↑Bob Woodward, ↑Robert Woodward, ↑Robert Burns Woodward • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist 2. United States historian (1908 1999) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Woodward — /wood weuhrd/, n. 1. Robert Burns, 1917 79, U.S. chemist: Nobel prize 1965. 2. a town in NW Oklahoma. 13,610. * * * (as used in expressions) Woodward Comer Vann Woodward Robert Burns Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward * * * ▪ Oklahoma,… …   Universalium

  • Vann (surname) — Vann is a surname, and may refer to:* Albert Vann * Bernard Vann * Gerald Vann * James Vann * Joseph Vann * John Paul Vann * Mickey Vann, British boxing referee and judge * Stanley Vann * Stevie Vann ee also* C. Vann Woodward, an American… …   Wikipedia

  • Woodward — is a common English surname meaning ward of the wood or guardian of the wood . [http://surnames.behindthename.com/php/browse.php?letter=w] When used in isolation, the name Woodward usually refers to one of the following people: * Bob Woodward… …   Wikipedia

  • Woodward — Woodward, Robert B. * * * (as used in expressions) Administradores fiduciarios de Dartmouth College v. Woodward Woodward, C(omer) Vann Woodward, Robert B(urns) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Woodward, C(omer)Vann — Wood·ward (wo͝odʹwərd), C(omer) Vann. Born 1908. American historian whose works include Origins of the New South (1951) and The Strange Career of Jim Crow (1955). * * * …   Universalium

  • C. Vann Woodward — Comer Vann Woodward (November 13, 1908 – December 17, 1999) was a preeminent American historian focusing primarily on the American South and race relations. He was considered, along with Richard Hofstadter and Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., to be one… …   Wikipedia

  • C. Vann Woodward — noun United States historian (1908 1999) • Syn: ↑Woodward, ↑Comer Vann Woodward • Instance Hypernyms: ↑historian, ↑historiographer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Comer Vann Woodward — noun United States historian (1908 1999) • Syn: ↑Woodward, ↑C. Vann Woodward • Instance Hypernyms: ↑historian, ↑historiographer …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”