Whipple, George H.

Whipple, George H.

▪ American pathologist
in full  George Hoyt Whipple 
born Aug. 28, 1878, Ashland, N.H., U.S.
died Feb. 1, 1976, Rochester, N.Y.
 American pathologist whose discovery that raw liver fed to chronically bled dogs will reverse the effects of anemia led directly to successful liver treatment of pernicious anemia by the American physicians George R. Minot (Minot, George Richards) and William P. Murphy (Murphy, William P.). This major advance in the treatment of noninfectious diseases brought the three men the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1934.

      After obtaining a medical degree from Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore) in 1905, Whipple began in 1908 a study of bile pigments. This led to his interest in the body's manufacture of the oxygen-carrying hemoglobin, which is also an important constituent in the production of bile pigments. In 1920 he demonstrated that liver as a dietary factor greatly enhances hemoglobin regeneration in dogs. He also carried out experiments in artificial anemia (1923–25), which established iron as the most potent inorganic factor involved in the formation of red blood cells.

      Whipple worked at Johns Hopkins University and then the University of California, San Francisco, before moving to the University of Rochester, where he spent most of his career (1921–55) and was first dean of the School of Medicine and Dentistry.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Whipple, George — Whipple , George Hoyt …   Scientists

  • Whipple, George Hoyt — Médico fisiólogo estadounidense nacido en 1878. Recibió el premio Nóbel de Medicina y Fisiología, en 1934, por su descubrimiento de la terapéutica de la anemia perniciosa. Falleció en 1976. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • Whipple, George Hoyt — Whipple , George Hoyt …   Scientists

  • Whipple, George H(oyt) — (28 ago. 1878, Ashland, N.H., EE.UU.–1 feb. 1976, Rochester, N.Y.). Patólogo estadounidense. Estudió medicina en la Universidad Johns Hopkins. Descubrió, con George Minot, que en perros crónicamente desangrados, la anemia se recuperaba al… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Whipple , George Hoyt — (1878–1976) American physician and physiologist Whipple, born the son of a physician in Ashland, New Hampshire, was educated at Yale and Johns Hopkins University, where he obtained his MD in 1905. After working at the University of California he… …   Scientists

  • Whipple, George H(oyt) — born Aug. 28, 1878, Ashland, N.H., U.S. died Feb. 1, 1976, Rochester, N.Y. U.S. pathologist. He studied medicine at Johns Hopkins University. He and George Minot discovered that raw liver fed to chronically bled dogs reversed anemia; this led to… …   Universalium

  • Whipple,George Hoyt — Whip·ple (hwĭpʹəl, wĭpʹ ), George Hoyt. 1878 1976. American pathologist. He shared a 1934 Nobel Prize for discovering that a diet of liver relieves anemia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Whipple, George Hoyt — ► (1878 1976) Médico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1934, compartido con Minot y Murphy, por sus trabajos acerca del metabolismo del hierro orgánico y su intervención en las anemias …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George H. Whipple — George Hoyt Whipple (* 28. August 1878 in Ashland, New Hampshire, USA; † 1. Februar 1976 in Rochester, New York, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Pathologe. Whipple lieferte wesentliche Arbeiten über Gallenfarbstoffe und entwickelte eine Diät gegen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Hoyt Whipple — George Whipple Pour les articles homonymes, voir Whipple. George Hoyt Whipple, né le 28 août 1878 et décédé le 1er février 1976, était un médecin américain, chercheur en médecine, et professeur à l université de médecine. Whipple a partagé… …   Wikipédia en Français

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