Wechsler, David

Wechsler, David

▪ American psychologist
born January 12, 1896, Lespedi, Romania
died May 2, 1981, New York, New York, U.S.

      American psychologist and inventor of several widely used intelligence tests (intelligence test) for adults and children.

      Wechsler studied at the City College of New York and Columbia University, receiving his doctorate in 1925. He began a long association with Bellevue Psychiatric Hospital in New York City, serving as chief psychologist from 1932 to 1967. In 1939 he produced a battery of intelligence tests known as the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale. The original battery was geared specifically to the measurement of adult intelligence, for clinical use. He rejected the idea that there is an ideal mental age against which individual performance can be measured, and he defined normal intelligence as the mean test score for all members of an age group; the mean could then be represented by 100 on a standard scale. The Wechsler-Bellevue test quickly became the most widely used adult intelligence test in the United States, and in 1942 Wechsler issued his first revision. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children was published in 1949 and updated in 1974. In 1955 Wechsler developed yet another adult intelligence test, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), with the same structure as his earlier scale but standardized with a different population, including 10 percent nonwhites to reflect the U.S. population. (The earlier test had been standardized for an all-white population.) He contributed to the revision of the WAIS in 1981, shortly before his death. The last of his intelligence tests, the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, was issued in 1967 as an adaptation of the children's scale for use with very young children. His intelligence tests continue to be updated for contemporary use.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • WECHSLER, DAVID — (1896–1981), U.S. psychologist. Born in Lespedi, Romania, he was taken to the United States in 1902. He was chief psychologist, Bellevue Psychiatric Hospital (1932–66). He was also clinical professor of the NYU College of Medicine (1942). He was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Векслер Дэвид / Wechsler, David — (1896 1981). Векслер направил всю свою творческую энергию на разработку и стандартизацию шкал интеллекта, которые носят его имя, и способствовал замене используемого в тестах Бинэ показателя «умственного возраста» на коэффициент отклонения… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • David Wechsler — Born January 12, 1896 Lespezi, Romania Died May 12, 1981 Fields …   Wikipedia

  • Wechsler — David Wechsler David Wechsler (12 janvier 1896, Lespezi, Roumanie 2 mai 1981, New York) était un psychologue. Il a développé trois tests d intelligence normalisés couramment utilisés en Amérique du Nord : le Wechsler Bellevue Intelligence… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale — Wechs·ler Adult Intelligence Scale weks lər n an updated version of the Wechsler Bellevue test having the same structure but standardized against a different population to more accurately reflect the general population abbr. WAIS Wechsler David… …   Medical dictionary

  • David Wechsler — (* 12. Januar 1896 in Lespezi, Kreis Iași, Rumänien; † 2. Mai 1981 in New York, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Psychologe rumänisch jüdischer Herkunft, der sich mit der Intelligenzmessung beschäftigte. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Wechsler — (Lespezi, 12 de enero, de 1896 2 de mayo, de 1981) fue un psicólogo norteamericano. Desarrolló escalas de inteligencia bien conocidas, como la Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) y la Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC).… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale — (WAIS) is a general test of intelligence (IQ), published in February 1955 as a revision of the Wechsler Bellevue test (1939), a battery of tests that is composed from subtests Wechsler adopted from the Army Tests (Yerkes, 1921).Wechsler defined… …   Wikipedia

  • Wechsler — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: David Wechsler (1896–1981), US amerikanischer Psychologe Ernst Wechsler (1861–1893), Schriftsteller Herbert Wechsler (1909–2000), US amerikanischer Rechtswissenschaftler Lazar Wechsler (1896–1981),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wechsler — is a German word meaning exchanger (from , (ex)change ).Wechsler (or Wexler) may refer to: * Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale * Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children * Wexler (crater), a lunar impact crater * Mount Wexler, United… …   Wikipedia

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