Vinogradoff, Sir Paul Gavrilovitch

Vinogradoff, Sir Paul Gavrilovitch

▪ British legal scholar
Russian  Pavel Gavrilovich Vinogradov  
born Nov. 18 [Nov. 30, New Style], 1854, Kostroma, near Moscow, Russia
died Dec. 19, 1925, Paris, France

      Anglo-Russian legal scholar and medievalist who was perhaps the greatest authority in his time on the feudal laws and customs of England.

      Educated at the University of Moscow (Ph.D., 1884), Vinogradoff was appointed professor there and became active in Russian educational reform. When university authorities curtailed the students' freedom of expression, he resigned his professorship (1902) and left Russia for England, where in 1903 he became professor of jurisprudence at Oxford. He was knighted in 1917, one year before he became a British subject.

      Vinogradoff's most important work is Villeinage in England (1892; originally published in Russian, 1887), in which he advanced the theory that the Anglo-Norman manor developed not from a society based on serfdom but from a free village community. His most ambitious work, Outlines of Historical Jurisprudence (1920–22), was incomplete at his death.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vinogradoff — biographical name Sir Paul Gavrilovitch 1854 1925 British (Russian born) jurist & historian …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • encyclopaedia — Reference work that contains information on all branches of knowledge or that treats a particular branch of knowledge comprehensively. It is self contained and explains subjects in greater detail than a dictionary. It differs from an almanac in… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”