▪ ancient fortress, Turkey
also spelled  Topra Kaleh,  

      ancient Urartian fortress located near modern Van in southeastern Turkey. The walls of Toprakkale, erected in the 8th century BC, were of cyclopean masonry and sloped slightly inward, perhaps as a defense against earthquakes. Excavations at the site, carried out primarily by British and German teams, have revealed the high level of artistic achievement of ancient Urartu, especially in bronze but also in gold, silver, and ivory. Bronze objects of particular importance included a candelabrum about 53.5 inches (136 cm) high, decorated shields, and building reliefs that have provided valuable information about Urartian domestic architecture. In addition, excavations have uncovered a basalt floor inlaid with limestone and marble, parts of a decorated marble frieze, and brilliantly polished red pottery vessels.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Toprakkale — Original name in latin Toprakkale Name in other language Toprakkale State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 37.06855 latitude 36.14661 altitude 70 Population 8577 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Toprakkale — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Toprakkale Country and Admin Code TR.81.7910463 TR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

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  • Toprakkale (Osmaniye) — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Toprakkale Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toprakkale (Osmaniye) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Toprakkale. Toprakkale …   Wikipédia en Français

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