Toprakkale

Toprakkale

▪ ancient fortress, Turkey
also spelled  Topra Kaleh,  

      ancient Urartian fortress located near modern Van in southeastern Turkey. The walls of Toprakkale, erected in the 8th century BC, were of cyclopean masonry and sloped slightly inward, perhaps as a defense against earthquakes. Excavations at the site, carried out primarily by British and German teams, have revealed the high level of artistic achievement of ancient Urartu, especially in bronze but also in gold, silver, and ivory. Bronze objects of particular importance included a candelabrum about 53.5 inches (136 cm) high, decorated shields, and building reliefs that have provided valuable information about Urartian domestic architecture. In addition, excavations have uncovered a basalt floor inlaid with limestone and marble, parts of a decorated marble frieze, and brilliantly polished red pottery vessels.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toprakkale — 38.52055555555643.403888888889 Koordinaten: 38° 31′ 14″ N, 43° 24′ 14″ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toprakkale — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Toprakkale signifie forteresse de la terre en turc et désigne plusieurs lieux : Toprakkale forteresse et ville urartéenne près de Van en Turquie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toprakkale — Original name in latin Toprakkale Name in other language Toprakkale State code TR Continent/City Europe/Istanbul longitude 37.06855 latitude 36.14661 altitude 70 Population 8577 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Toprakkale — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Toprakkale Country and Admin Code TR.81.7910463 TR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Toprakkale — Toprạkkale,   Ruinenstätte am Vansee, Türkei, identifiziert als Rusahinili, Hauptstadt des Reichs von Urartu unter Rusa I. (etwa 730 714 v. Chr.). Reste eines großen Tempels des Gottes Chaldi mit Steinquaderfundament und Eckbastionen sowie… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Toprakkale — is., öz. Osmaniye iline bağlı ilçelerden biri …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Toprakkale-Keramik — Toprakkale Kessel mit Stierprotomen, Erebuni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toprakkale, Osmaniye — Toprakkale is a town and district of Osmaniye Province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. It is located at 10 km to the west of Osmaniye. Its name comes from an Abbasid castle near the city.The town is on a road and rail crossing, a natural… …   Wikipedia

  • Toprakkale (Osmaniye) — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Toprakkale Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toprakkale (Osmaniye) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Toprakkale. Toprakkale …   Wikipédia en Français

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