Tokyo National Museum

Tokyo National Museum

Japanese  Tōkyō Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan,  

      the first and foremost art museum in Japan, located in Ueno Park, Tokyo.

      The original collection, formed in 1871 and initially housed in temporary residences, was a mixture of artistic, historical, scientific, technological, and natural-history exhibits composed mostly of Japanese objects displayed at international expositions, as in Paris (1867, 1878) and Vienna (1873). In 1882 the collection was moved to its present site in Ueno Park, and in 1886 the museum was transferred to the supervision of the Ministry of the Imperial Household and began assuming its present role as a showcase for Japan's artistic heritage, divesting itself of its scientific and industrial divisions. From 1889 to 1900 it was called the Tokyo Imperial Museum, from 1900 to 1947 the Tokyo Imperial Household Museum, and from 1947 to 1950 the National Museum. From 1947 it was under the control of the Ministry of Education. Of the original complex of buildings, only the gallery known as the Hyōkeikan survived the earthquake of 1923; a Modernist-style building with Oriental elements, built in 1938, became the nucleus of a complex of buildings erected after World War II.

      The museum houses a great variety of Japanese art, including painting, sculpture, calligraphy, architectural models, metalware, swords, pottery, lacquerware, dyeing and weaving, protohistorical objects, prehistorical objects, ethnographic material, historical materials, Oriental archaeology, and Oriental art.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tokyo National Museum — Established 1872, the nihongo|Tokyo National Museum|東京国立博物館|Tōkyō Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan, or TNM, is the oldest and largest museum in Japan. The museum collects, houses, and preserves a comprehensive collection of art works and archaeological… …   Wikipedia

  • Tokyo National Museum — Das Nationalmuseum Tokyo Das Nationalmuseum Tōkyō (jap. 東京国立博物館, Tōkyō Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan) wurde 1872 gegründet und ist das älteste und größte Museum Japans. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Übersicht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art — The Nihongo|Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art|東京国立近代美術館|Tōkyō Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan is the foremost museum collecting and exhibiting contemporary Japanese art. Located in a building designed by Taniguchi Yoshirō in Kitanomaru Park, it was …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Nature and Science — National Museum of Nature and Science,Tokyo Steam locomotive in front of th …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo — Main Hall …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Western Art — This article is about an art museum in Tokyo, Japan. For other uses, see NMWA (disambiguation). National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo designed by Le Corbusier The National Museum of Western Art (国立西洋美術館 …   Wikipedia

  • National museum — A national museum is a museum maintained by a nation.List of national museumsAustralia* [ Australian National Aviation Museum] *Australian National Maritime Museum * [… …   Wikipedia

  • National Museum of Western Art — ▪ museum, Tokyo, Japan Japanese  Kokuritsu Seiyō Bijutsukan,         Japanese national collection of European art, located in Ueno Park, Tokyo. The museum building, designed by Le Corbusier, was opened in 1959, and an annex by Maekawa Kunio was… …   Universalium

  • Nara National Museum — 奈良国立博物館 Original Museum Building Established 1889 Location …   Wikipedia

  • Kyoto National Museum — The Nihongo|Kyoto National Museum|京都国立博物館| Kyōto Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan is one of the three formerly imperially mandated art museums in Japan. The museum is located in Higashiyama Ward in Kyoto. The collections of the Kyoto National Museum focus… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”