Thompson, Edward Herbert

Thompson, Edward Herbert

▪ American archaeologist
born Sept. 28, 1856, Worcester, Mass., U.S.
died May 11, 1935, Plainfield, N.J.

      American archaeologist who revealed much about Mayan (Maya) civilization from his exploration of the city and religious shrine of Chichén Itzá in Yucatán.

      Though lacking formal training in archaeology, Thompson was an enthusiastic antiquarian. In 1879 he published a paper suggesting that Mayan civilization may have originated on the lost continent of Atlantis. With the understanding that he could devote some time to the study of Mayan remains, he was appointed U.S. consul at Mérida, Mex., on Feb. 14, 1885. Upon assuming his post, he lived closely with the Maya Indians, learning their language and adopting their way of life. Through their friendship and confidence, he not only learned the lore of the ancient Maya but also secured valuable assistance in conducting his excavations.

      Principal subjects of his work at Chichén Itzá included the great terraced pyramid, the astronomical observatory, the ceremonial court with its evidence of ritual games, and the temple decorated with a frieze of jaguars and shields and interior wall paintings of warriors attacking a city.

      His most productive effort—and for many years a unique exploit in archaeology—was the dredging and underwater exploration of the Sacred Well of Chichén Itzá. Actually a small lake, it had been traditionally regarded as the grave of girls and captive warriors sacrificed alive to propitiate the rain god, who was supposed to reside at the bottom of the well. Thompson traveled to Boston to secure dredging equipment and deep-sea diving apparatus and to learn diving techniques. When his dredging efforts ceased to be productive, he descended into the well, where he found many skeletons and an extraordinary cache of archaeological remains. Difficulties with the Mexican government finally forced him to flee from Yucatán. He recounted his explorations in People of the Serpent (1932).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edward Herbert Thompson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Herbert Thompson Nacimiento 28 de septiembre de 1857 Worcester (Massachusetts) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward Herbert Thompson — (28. september 1856 1935), amerikansk arkæolog, som studerede mayaernes civilisationer og udgravede byer og religiøse bygningsværker i Chichen Itza på Yucatan …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Edward Herbert Thompson — Infobox Scientist name = Edward Herbert Thompson box width = image size =150px caption = Edward Herbert Thompson birth date = 28 September, 1857 birth place = Worcester, Massachusetts death date = 11 May, 1935 death place = Plainfield, New Jersey …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Thompson — could refer to several people:* Edward Thompson (of Sheriff Hutton) (c. 1639–1701), English landowner and politician * Edward Thompson (1697 1742), MP and Lord of the Admiralty * Edward Maunde Thompson (1840–1929), British palaeographer * Edward… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward H. Thompson — is the name of:* Edward H. Thompson (painter) UK artist * Edward Herbert Thompson US diplomat and archaologistSee also: Edward Thompson …   Wikipedia

  • Thompson — El término Thompson puede hacer referencia a: (puede verse también Thomson) Personas Benjamin C. Thompson, fue un arquitecto estadounidense. Benjamin Thompson, fue un científico e inventor norteamericano. Bradbury Thompson, diseñador gráfico… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward Rigby — Avec Nova Pilbeam, dans Jeune et innocent (1937) Données clés Nom d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herbert A. Simon — Herbert Simon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Simon. Herbert Simon Herbert Simon vers 2000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herbert Alexander Simon — Herbert Simon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Simon. Herbert Simon Herbert Simon vers 2000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herbert S. Walters — Herbert Sanford Walters Herbert Sanford Walters (* 17. November 1881 in Leadvale, Jefferson County, Tennessee; † 17. Oktober 1973 in Knoxville, Tennessee) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”