Tewkesbury, Battle of

Tewkesbury, Battle of

▪ English history
 (May 4, 1471), in the English Wars of the Roses, the Yorkist king Edward IV's (Edward IV) final victory over his Lancastrian opponents. Edward, who had displaced the Lancastrian Henry VI in 1461, later quarreled with his powerful subject Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (Warwick, Richard Neville, 1st earl of, 2nd earl of Salisbury), and Warwick in 1470 restored Henry to the throne. In March 1471 Edward returned from Holland, defeating and killing Warwick at the Battle of Barnet on April 14. On that day King Henry's queen, Margaret of Anjou, who had been in France with her son Prince Edward since 1462, landed at Weymouth, in Dorset, and moved northward to rally Lancastrian support in Wales. King Edward intercepted her army just south of Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire on May 3. Battle was joined the following day, each side numbering about 3,000 men. The Lancastrians had a strong defensive position, but a surprise Lancastrian attack on the Yorkist left miscarried, and the Yorkists broke the main Lancastrian position. About 1,000 men were killed, including Prince Edward and other Lancastrian leaders. The murder of Henry VI in the Tower of London (May 21–22) secured Edward's position.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Tewkesbury, Battle of — (1471)    The Battle of Tewkesbury, fought on 4 May 1471, completed EDWARD IV’s restoration to the throne and destroyed the Lancastrian cause.    On 14 April 1471, the day Richard NEVILLE, earl of Warwick, was defeated and slain at the Battle of… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Tewkesbury — /toohks ber ee, beuh ree, bree, tyoohks /, n. a town in N Gloucestershire, in W England: final defeat of the Lancastrians in the Wars of the Roses 1471. 79,500. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Tewkesbury borough,… …   Universalium

  • Tewkesbury mustard — is a blend of mustard flour and grated Horseradish root.The mustard was developed in the English town of Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire and gained certain notoriety in the 17th Century becoming a staple condiment of the kitchens of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Tewkesbury — [to͞oks′ber΄ē, tyo͞oks′ber΄ē; to͞oks′bə rē, tyo͞oks′bə rē] town in N Gloucestershire, England, on the Severn: site of a battle (1471) in the Wars of the Roses, reestablishing Edward IV on the English throne: pop. (1981 census) 9,600 …   English World dictionary

  • Tewkesbury — infobox UK place country = England official name= Tewkesbury latitude= 51.98634 longitude= 2.16159 population= 10,016 (2001 Census) shire district= Tewkesbury shire county= Gloucestershire region= South West England constituency westminster=… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Tewkesbury — The Battle of Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire, which took place on May 4, 1471, completed one phase of the Wars of the Roses.It put a temporary end to Lancastrian hopes of regaining the throne of England. There would be fourteen years of peace… …   Wikipedia

  • Tewkesbury Abbey — Parish church name = Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin caption = Tewkesbury Abbey dedication = St Mary the Virgin denomination = Church of England tradition = High Church parish = Tewkesbury diocese = Gloucester province = Canterbury vicar =… …   Wikipedia

  • Tewkesbury Medieval Festival — The Tewkesbury Medieval Festival is a re enactment of the Battle of Tewkesbury, near its original site.It is said to be Europe s largest battle re enactment and fair . Thousands of re enactors travel to Tewkesbury from around the world to re… …   Wikipedia

  • battle of Tewkesbury — noun the final battle of the War of the Roses in 1471 in which Edward IV defeated the Lancastrians • Syn: ↑Tewkesbury • Regions: ↑England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tewkesbury — noun the final battle of the War of the Roses in 1471 in which Edward IV defeated the Lancastrians • Syn: ↑battle of Tewkesbury • Regions: ↑England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle * * * /toohks ber ee, beuh ree, bree, tyoohks /, n. a town… …   Useful english dictionary

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