Tait, Archibald Campbell

Tait, Archibald Campbell

born , Dec. 21, 1811, Edinburgh, Scot.
died Dec. 3, 1882, Addington, Surrey, Eng.
 archbishop of Canterbury, remembered primarily for his efforts to moderate tension in the Church of England at the height of the Oxford Movement.

      The son of Presbyterian parents, Tait became an Anglican while a student at the University of Oxford, where in 1835 he became a tutor at Balliol College. A year later he was made a deacon, and for five years he was also a curate at two nearby village parishes. In March 1841 he joined others in a written protest against Tract 90 of the Tractarian (or Oxford) Movement, which was devoted to recovering the High Church ideals of the later 17th-century church. In 1842 Tait succeeded Thomas Arnold as headmaster of Rugby School, where he improved the prefect system. He became dean of Carlisle Cathedral in 1849, was active in 1850–52 in the royal commission that advised reform at Oxford, and in 1856 was made bishop of London. Stressing reconciliation, he avoided partisan issues and thus faced opposition from both evangelical and high churchmen, who, following the program of the Oxford Movement, often offended the evangelicals by introducing liturgical elaborations that appeared to be inspired by Roman Catholic practice.

      As bishop of London, Tait strengthened the diocese by supporting efforts to construct new churches and by founding the Bishop of London's Fund to finance additional clergy.

      Becoming archbishop of Canterbury in 1868, Tait faced at once the bill to disestablish the (Anglican) Church of Ireland; (Ireland, Church of) his statesmanship largely accounted for its smooth passage through Parliament. High Church opposition continued, notably to his support of the Burials Act (1880), which legalized non-Anglican burial services in Anglican churchyards, and to his dislike for the sternness of the Athanasian Creed's clauses regarding salvation.

      Tait's major successes were in his work on the royal commissions on ritual (1867) and as spokesman for the Anglican church, a role in which he commanded esteem in the House of Lords. His numerous writings include The Dangers and Safeguards of Modern Theology (1861) and Harmony of Revelation and the Sciences (1864).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Tait, Archibald Campbell — (1811–82)    Archbishop.    Tait was born of Scottish Presbyterian parents, but after studying at Glasgow University, he went to Oxford where he conformed to the Articles of the Church of England. In 1836 he was ordained. He first came to the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • TAIT, ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL —    archbishop of Canterbury, of Scotch descent, born in Edinburgh; educated at Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Oxford; when at Oxford led the opposition to the Tractarian Movement; in 1842 succeeded Arnold as head master at Rugby; in 1850 became Dean of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Archibald Campbell Tait — (21 décembre 1811 – 3 décembre 1882) est un ecclésiastique britannique d origine écossaise, évêque de Londres en 1856 et archevêque de Cantorbéry en 1868 …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Archibald Campbell Tait — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury| Full name =Archibald Campbell Tait caption = birth name = began = 1868 term end = 3 December 1882 predecessor = Charles Thomas Longley successor = Edward White Benson birth date = 21 December 1811 birthplace =… …   Wikipedia

  • Archibald Tait — Archibald Campbell Tait Archibald Campbell Tait Archibald Campbell Tait (21 décembre 1811 – 3 décembre 1882) est un ecclésiastique britannique d origine écossaise, évêque de Londres en 1856 et archevêque de Cantorbéry en 1868 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Archibald — /ahr cheuh bawld , beuhld/, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning distinguished and bold. * * * (as used in expressions) Campbell John Archibald Cronin Archibald Joseph Archibald Alexander Leach MacLeish Archibald Archibald Lee… …   Universalium

  • Campbell — /kam beuhl, kam euhl/, n. 1. Alexander, 1788 1866, U.S. religious leader, born in Ireland: cofounder with his father, Thomas, of the Disciples of Christ Church. 2. Colen /kol euhn, koh leuhn/ or Colin, died 1729, Scottish architect and author. 3 …   Universalium

  • Tait (surname) — Tait is a Scottish surname that most likely originated in Berwickshire, Scotland. The origins of the name can be traced back as far as 1100. Tait is derived from the word for cheerful .People* Adam Tait, motoring journalist * Alan Tait, Scottish… …   Wikipedia

  • Campbell — Campbell, Donald Campbell, Malcolm * * * (as used in expressions) Campbell, familia los Campbell de Argyll Campbell, John Archibald Campbell, Joseph Campbell, Kim Avril Phaedra Campbell Campbell, Mrs. Patrick …   Enciclopedia Universal

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