Synthetism

Synthetism

art
      in art, method of painting evolved by Paul Gauguin (Gauguin, Paul), Émile Bernard (Bernard, Émile), Louis Anquetin, and others in the 1880s to emphasize two-dimensional flat patterns, thus breaking with Impressionist art and theory. The style shows a conscious effort to work less directly from nature and to rely more upon memory.

 It was Gauguin who used the word Synthetism, by which he meant a style of art in which the form (colour planes and lines) is synthesized with the major idea or feeling of the subject. Although he had exhibited with the Impressionists until 1886, he did not share their disregard for defined forms or compositional elements. He felt that their preoccupation with the study of light effects in nature was confining, superficial, and neglectful of thought and ideas. He sought to develop a new decorative style in art based on areas of pure colour (e.g., without shaded areas or modeling), a few strong lines, and an almost two-dimensional arrangement of parts. He spent the summers of 1886 and 1888 in Pont-Aven and Le Pouldu, Brittany, France, with Bernard and other disciples, where he founded the Synthetist group. An example of this new decorative style is Gauguin's “Vision After the Sermon” (1888; National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh [see photograph—>]). This large work includes peasant women leaving the church in the lower part of the canvas; above them is the vision of Jacob wrestling with the angel, which was the sermon of the day. Gauguin attempts to combine in one setting two levels of reality, the everyday world and the dream world. The lower figures are reduced to areas of flat patterns, without modeling or perspective. The large colour areas are intense and without shadows. The design is so strong that the two realities fuse into one visual experience.

      Bernard and Anquetin used the name Cloisonnism to describe their painting method, equating the design effect of large areas of pure colour and wide black outlines to the medieval cloisonné enamel technique. In addition to his interest in medieval art, Bernard enjoyed Japanese prints (ukiyo-e) and the art of primitive cultures. Synthetism was to influence the Nabis, a group of artists in the next decade, and, for a while, the work of Vincent van Gogh. See also Pont-Aven school.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Synthetism — is a term used by post Impressionist artists like Paul Gauguin, Émile Bernard and Louis Anquetin to distinguish their work from Impressionism . Earlier, Synthetism has been connected to the term Cloisonnism , and later to Symbolism . The term is… …   Wikipedia

  • synthetism — syn·the·tism …   English syllables

  • synthetism — noun a genre of French painting characterized by bright flat shapes and symbolic treatments of abstract ideas • Hypernyms: ↑genre …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cubism — Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d Avignon, 1907. Considered to be a major step towards the founding of the Cubist movement.[1] Cubism was a 20th century avant garde art movement, pioneered by P …   Wikipedia

  • Art Nouveau — Staircase of the Maison Atelier of Victor Horta. This building is one of four Horta designed town houses in Brussels that are together recognised by UNESCO as representing the highest expression of the influential Art Nouveau style in art and… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Gauguin — Infobox Artist name = Paul Gauguin imagesize = 220px caption = birthname = Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin birthdate = birth date|1848|6|7|df=y location = Paris, France deathdate = death date and age|1903|5|8|1848|6|7|df=y deathplace = Atuona,… …   Wikipedia

  • Post-Impressionism — Infobox Painting| title=The Centenary of Independence (Le centenaire de l indépendance) artist=Henri Rousseau year=1892 type=Oil on canvas height=57 width=110 height inch=22.4 width inch =43.3 museum=Presently in the Getty Museum in Los… …   Wikipedia

  • Die Brücke — redirects here. For other uses, see Die Brücke (disambiguation). Fritz Bleyl poster for the first Die Brücke show in 1906 …   Wikipedia

  • Der Blaue Reiter — Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac, c.1912 Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) was a group of artists from the Neue Künstlervereinigung München in Munich, Germany. The group was founded by a number of Russian emigrants, including Wassily Kandinsky,… …   Wikipedia

  • Neo-impressionism — A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte Artist Georges Seurat Year 1884–1886 Type Oil on …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”