Synge, R.L.M.

Synge, R.L.M.

▪ British biochemist
in full  Richard Laurence Millington Synge  
born Oct. 28, 1914, Liverpool, Eng.
died Aug. 18, 1994, Norwich, Norfolk

      British biochemist who in 1952 shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry with A.J.P. Martin (Martin, A.J.P.) for their development of partition chromatography, notably paper chromatography.

      Synge studied at Winchester College, Cambridge, and received his Ph.D. at Trinity College there in 1941. He spent his entire professional career conducting research, initially with Martin under the auspices of the Wool Industries Research Association, Leeds (1941–43). The two men developed partition chromatography, a technique that is used to separate mixtures of closely related chemicals such as amino acids for identification and further study. Synge used paper chromatography to work out the exact structure of the simple protein molecule gramicidin S, which helped to pave the way for the English biochemist Frederick Sanger's elucidation of the structure of the insulin molecule.

      Synge did research at the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, London (1943–48), and at the Rowett Research Institute, near Aberdeen, Scot. (1948–67). He became a biochemist at the Food Research Institute, Norwich (1967–76), and was also an honorary professor of biological sciences at the University of East Anglia (1968–84).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Synge — may refer to:* Cathleen Synge Morawetz (born 1923), mathematician * Charles Synge Christopher Bowen, English judge * John Lighton Synge (1897 1995), Irish mathematician and physicist * John Millington Synge (1871 1909), Irish dramatist, poet,… …   Wikipedia

  • Synge — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Cathleen Synge Morawetz (* 1923), kanadisch US amerikanische Mathematikerin Edward Hutchinson Synge (1890 – 1957), irischer Physiker John Lighton Synge (1897–1995), irisch kanadischer Mathematiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Synge — Synge, John Millington Synge, Richard L. M …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Synge —   [sɪȖ],    1) John Millington, irischer Dramatiker, * Rathfarnham (bei Dublin) 16. 4. 1871, ✝ Dublin 24. 3. 1909; studierte zunächst Musik, bereiste Deutschland und lebte zeitweilig in Paris, wo er sich dem Studium der keltischen Philologie… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Synge — (John Millington) (1871 1909) auteur dramatique irlandais. Ses pièces, réalistes et poétiques, mettent en scène le peuple irlandais (le Baladin du monde occidental, 1907), marqué par la fatalité, le deuil (la Chevauchée vers la mer, 1904) et les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Synge — Synge, J. M. (1871 1909) an Irish writer famous for his plays such as The Playboy of the Western World …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Synge — (izg. sȉn) DEFINICIJA 1. John Millington (1871 1909), irski dramatičar, unio narodni irski engleski jezik u govor svojih likova (Vilenjak sa zapadnih strana) 2. Richard Laurence Millington (1914 1994), engleski biokemičar, Nobelova nagrada za… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Synge — [siŋ] 1. (Edmund) John Millington [mil′iŋ tən] 1871 1909; Ir. dramatist 2. Richard Laurence Millington 1914 94; Brit. biochemist …   English World dictionary

  • Synge — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Synge est le patronyme de: John Synge  Richard Laurence Millington Synge (1914 1994) Cathleen Synge Morawetz, mathématicienne canadienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Synge — noun Irish poet and playwright whose plays are based on rural Irish life (1871 1909) • Syn: ↑J. M. Synge, ↑John Millington Synge, ↑Edmund John Millington Synge • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dramatist, ↑playwright, ↑poet * * * …   Useful english dictionary

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