Sutherland, Graham

Sutherland, Graham

▪ British artist
in full  Graham Vivian Sutherland 
born August 24, 1903, London, England
died February 17, 1980, London
 English painter who was best known for his Surrealistic (Surrealism) landscapes.

      Sutherland was educated at Epsom College and studied art in London (1921–25). He particularly emphasized printmaking, which he taught from 1926 to 1940 at the Chelsea School of Art. As an etcher and engraver he owes much to the Romantic painter Samuel Palmer (Palmer, Samuel) but was influenced at different times by William Blake (Blake, William), Paul Nash (Nash, Paul), Henry Moore (Moore, Henry), and Pablo Picasso. His early work was characterized by an exacting representationalism that evolved into Surrealism. He turned primarily to painting in 1935 and was represented in the 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition in London. From 1940 to 1945 he was an official war artist, and his paintings from that period provide a factual and evocative record of desolation.

      Sutherland's “thorn period” began with the Crucifixion (1946) for St. Matthew's Church, Northampton, considered to be one of the most important religious paintings of the 20th century. In his late work he incorporated anthropomorphic insect and plant forms, particularly thorns, which he transformed into powerful and frightening totemic images. The hard, spiky shapes of fossils provided the theme of his large Origins of the Land (1951).

      Sutherland was known, too, for his expressionistic, penetrating portraits; his painting of the writer Somerset Maugham (Maugham, W. Somerset) (1949) was the first of an impressive series. Sutherland also designed an enormous tapestry (1962) for the new Coventry cathedral. In 1960 he was elected to the Order of Merit, and in 1972 he was made a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sutherland, Graham (Vivian) — born Aug. 24, 1903, London, Eng. died Feb. 17, 1980, London British painter. After studying art in London, he taught and practiced printmaking (1926–40) at the Chelsea School of Art. His early work was characterized by an exacting… …   Universalium

  • Graham Vivian Sutherland — (* 24. August 1903 in Streatham, London; † 17. Februar 1980 ebenda) war ein britischer Maler. Er hat zahlreiche expressionistische Gemälde gefertigt. Seine Malerei zeichnete sich durch abstrakt surrealistische Elemente aus. Später wurde er als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Graham Sutherland — Graham Vivian Sutherland (Londres, 24 de agosto de 1903 – íd., 17 de febrero de 1980) fue un artista británico. Nació en Streatham, Londres.Estudió en Epsom College, Surrey y en el Goldsmith s College de la Universidad de …   Wikipedia Español

  • SUTHERLAND (G.) — SUTHERLAND GRAHAM (1903 1980) Peintre anglais à la vocation artistique précoce, Graham Sutherland s’inscrit, en 1921, à la Goldsmith’s School of Art de Londres, sa ville natale. Entre 1921 et 1933, on assiste à une longue et importante période de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sutherland (disambiguation) — Sutherland is an area in Highland, Scotland. Scottish emigrants used the name for several places around the world:* Sutherland, New South Wales, Australia mdash; a suburb of Sydney * Sutherland Shire mdash; local government area in the Sydney… …   Wikipedia

  • Graham Sutherland — [Graham Sutherland] (1903–80) an English artist. He is well known for his ↑portraits, landscapes and religious art. He painted many pictures of ↑World War II and the Welsh countryside, but his best known works are a ↑tapestry (= a picture made by …   Useful english dictionary

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