Stead, William Thomas

Stead, William Thomas

▪ British journalist
born , July 5, 1849, Embleton, Northumberland, Eng.
died April 15, 1912, at sea, North Atlantic
 British journalist, editor, and publisher who founded the noted periodical Review of Reviews (1890).

      Stead was educated at home by his father, a clergyman, until he was 12 years old and then attended Silcoates School at Wakefield. He became an apprentice in a merchant's countinghouse and in about 1870 began to contribute to the Liberal daily newspaper Northern Echo at Darlington. The following year he was invited to become the Echo's editor. He and the paper diligently supported Prime Minister W.E. Gladstone. In 1880 he went to London as assistant editor of the Pall Mall Gazette under John Morley, later Viscount Morley. When Morley went into Parliament, Stead succeeded him as editor and made of the Pall Mall Gazette a sprightly and unconventional journal. He introduced such modern journalistic techniques as the use of illustrations. He also developed the interview form in newspaper writing. His press campaigns effected many changes, including the improvement of British naval defenses.

      In 1890 Stead decided to give up daily journalism in favour of the monthly journal he founded, Review of Reviews. He was known for his crusades in the journal's pages on behalf of such diverse causes as British-Russian friendship, ending child prostitution, the reform of England's criminal codes, and the maintenance of international peace. As editor and publisher of the Review of Reviews, he wrote on psychic phenomena, spiritualism, the “civic church,” and many other subjects. In 1894, Stead traveled to Chicago to attend the World's Fair. He was horrified by the conditions he observed behind the glamour of the Fair and made a thorough investigation of the city's underworld. His findings, published in If Christ Came to Chicago: A Plea for the Union of All Who Love in the Service of All Who Suffer (1894), are recognized as a model of journalistic research. In 1904 Stead tried to found a newspaper, The Daily Paper, but it failed, and he narrowly avoided bankruptcy.

      Stead was a passenger on the British transatlantic liner Titanic when the ship struck an iceberg and sank, and he was one of the approximately 1,500 passengers who perished.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William Thomas Stead — William T. Stead en 1905 Naissance 5 juillet 1849 Embleto …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Thomas Stead — (5 July 1849 15 April 1912) was an English journalist. He was born in Darlington, the son of a Congregational minister.Early journalismHe attended Silcoates School in Wakefield, but was early apprenticed in a merchant s office at Newcastle on… …   Wikipedia

  • William T. Stead — (1881) William Thomas Stead (* 5. Juli 1849 in Embleton, Northumberland, England; † 15. April 1912 im Nordatlantik) war ein britischer Journalist, Redakteur und Spiritualist, der vor allem auf dem Gebiet des investig …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stead — (pronounced sted as in instead ) is a surname, and may refer to* C. K. Stead, New Zealand writer and critic * Christina Stead, Australian writer * Dave Stead, drummer * Edward Stead, early English cricket team manager * Eugene A. Stead, American… …   Wikipedia

  • William Stead — might be:* William Thomas Stead (1849 1912), English journalist, victim of RMS Titanic disaster. * William Force Stead (1884 1967), American diplomat, poet, Anglican clergyman. * William W. Stead, (living) scientist …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Franklin Fairfax Millard — (born 8 July 1868 in Missouri; died 7 September 1942 in Seattle, Washington)[1][2][3][4] was an American journalist, newspaper editor, founder of the China Weekly Review, author of seven influential books on the Far East[5] and first American… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Byles — Nom de naissance Roussel Davids Byles Naissance 26 février 1870 Hanley, Staffordshire, Angleterre Décès 15 avril 1912 (à 42 ans) Océan Atlantique (Titanic) N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stead — (spr. ßtedd), William Thomas, engl. Journalist, geb. 5. Juli 1849 in Howdon on Tyne, widmete sich der schriftstellerischen Laufbahn und gehörte 1880–89 der Redaktion der »Pall Mall Gazette« an. 1890 gründete er die »Review of Reviews« und 1891… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thomas Andrews — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Andrews. Thomas Andrews Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Booth, William Bramwell — ▪ British minister born March 8, 1856, Halifax, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 16, 1929, London       second general of the Salvation Army (1912–29) and eldest son of William and Catherine Booth.       He became an active full time collaborator in… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”