Sombart, Werner

Sombart, Werner

▪ German historical economist
born January 19, 1863, Ermsleben, Saxony, Prussia
died May 18, 1941, Berlin, Germany

      German historical economist who incorporated Marxist principles and Nazi theories in his writings on capitalism.

      The son of a wealthy landowner and politician, Sombart was educated in Berlin, Pisa, and Rome, obtaining his Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 1888. He taught at the University of Breslau (1890–1906) and later returned to teach at the University of Berlin.

      Initially a supporter of Marxism, Sombart grew increasingly conservative and anti-Marxist. Nevertheless, his historical works on class and the evolution of society, most notably Der moderne Kapitalismus (1902; “Modern Capitalism”), show the influence of Marxist ideology, particularly in his methodological approach.

      Sombart's The Jew and Modern Capitalism (1911) refutes Max Weber's theory of the Protestant ethic, arguing that Jews introduced the spirit of capitalism into Northern Europe after being dispersed by the inquisition. At the time, he regarded Jews as a positive economic force, but his later writings reflect the anti-Semitism of the Nazi regime. In one of his last publications, A New Social Philosophy (1934), Sombart analyzed social problems “from the point of view of the national socialist [Nazi] way of thinking.”

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • SOMBART, WERNER° — (1863–1941), German political economist and sociologist. Born in Ermsleben, Sombart acquired a reputation through his work Der Moderne Kapitalismus (2 vols., 1902, 19162) in which he traced the development of capitalism from the late Middle Ages …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sombart, Werner — (1863 1941)    economist and social philosopher; a sponsor of Germany s Sonderweg (special path), he forged many of the social conservative arguments employed against both Marxism and liberal capitalism. Born in Ermsleben am Herz to a wealthy… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Sombart, Werner — ► (1863 1941) Economista alemán. Tuvo una visión especial de la economía en relación con la cultura. Autor de El capitalismo moderno (1902 08) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Werner Sombart — es un economista y sociólogo alemán nacido el 19 de enero de 1863 y muerto el 18 de mayo de 1941. Es considerado el líder de la joven escuela histórica y es uno de los investigadores y pensadores de ciencias sociales más connotados del primer… …   Wikipedia Español

  • SOMBART (W.) — SOMBART WERNER (1863 1941) Économiste, né à Ermsleben en Allemagne. Son père était industriel et fut élu au Reichstag où il siégea dans les rangs des nationaux libéraux. Werner Sombart étudia le droit, l’économie, l’histoire et la philosophie à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Werner Otto Carl Creutzfeldt — (* 11. Mai 1924 in Kiel; † 30. August 2006 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Internist und ehemaliger Direktor der Abteilung Gastroenterologie und Endokrinologie der Universität Göttingen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sombart — Sombart, Werner, Nationalökonom, geb. 19. Jan. 1863 in Ermsleben am Harz, 1890 Prof. in Breslau, schrieb: »Sozialismus und soziale Bewegung« (1896 u.ö.), »Der moderne Kapitalismus« (2 Bde., 1902), »Die deutsche Volkswirtschaft im 19. Jahrh.«… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Werner Sombart — (en) Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de l’article de Wikipédia en anglais intitulé « Werner Sombart » (voir la liste des auteurs) Werner Sombart Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

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