Shenstone, William

Shenstone, William

▪ English connoisseur
born Nov. 18, 1714, Leasowes, Halesowen, Shropshire, Eng.
died Feb. 11, 1763, Leasowes
 a representative 18th-century English “man of taste.” As a poet, amateur landscape gardener, and collector, he influenced the trend away from Neoclassical formality in the direction of greater naturalness and simplicity.

      From 1745, in response to the current vogue for the ferme ornée (“ornamental farm”; i.e., one that was as picturesque as it was profitable), he devoted his chief energies to beautifying his estate, the Leasowes, by “landscape gardening,” a term he was the first to use. His theories, outlined in “Unconnected Thoughts on Gardening” (1764), involved the creation of winding waterways and walks and a series of picturesque views.

      In his poetry Shenstone celebrated rustic virtue and simplicity, foreshadowing the sentiments of the early Romantics. His best-known poem, The School-Mistress (1742), commemorates, in Spenserian stanzas, his first teacher at the village school—Sarah Lloyd. He published miscellaneous odes, elegies, and types of light verse, an index of the poetic fashions of the times. He was influential in reviving the ballad and advised and assisted Bishop Percy in the compilation and editing of Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry (1765), the book that conferred literary status on the ballad.

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  • SHENSTONE, WILLIAM —    poet, born, the son of a landed proprietor, at Hales Owen, Shropshire; was educated at Pembroke College, Oxford, and during the years 1737 42 produced three vols. of poetry, the most noted being The Schoolmistress ; succeeded to his father s… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Shenstone, William — (1714 1763)    Poet, s. of Thomas S., owner of a small estate at Hales Owen, Shropshire. At this place, called the Leasowes, the poet was b. In 1732 he went to Oxf. On his father s death he retired to the Leasowes where he passed his time, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • William Shenstone — Portrait en buste du poète en frontispice de l édition de ses œuvres complètes (1765) Activités Po …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shenstone — may refer to:* Shenstone, Staffordshire, a village in the UK * Shenstone, WorcestershirePeople with the surname Shenstone: * William Shenstone (1714–1763) …   Wikipedia

  • William Shenstone — (November 18, 1714 ndash; February 11, 1763) was an English poet and one of the earliest practitioners of landscape gardening through the development of his estate, The Leasowes .LifeSon of Thomas Shenstone and Anne Penn, daughter of William Penn …   Wikipedia

  • Shenstone — ist Ortsname von Shenstone (Staffordshire), Staffordshire Shenstone (Worcestershire), Worcestershire Personen William Shenstone (1714–1763), Dichter und Gärtner Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Shenstone — (nov 18, 1714 feb 11, 1763) Fue un poeta inglés y uno de los primeros practicantes del paisaje inglés, prohombre de la Historia de la jardinería a través del proyecto de su propiedad El Leasowes . Enlaces externos Text of The Schoolmistress… …   Wikipedia Español

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