Sergius I, Saint

Sergius I, Saint

born , Palermo, Sicily [Italy]
died c. Sept. 8, 701, Rome; feast day September 8

      pope from 687 to 701, one of the most important 7th-century pontiffs.

      Sergius was of Syrian parentage, and he served under popes St. Leo II and Conon, whom he succeeded after a fierce struggle between two other candidates, the archdeacon Paschal and the archpriest Theodore. Although canonical, his election was irregular. Paschal had already bribed the imperial exarch John Platyn, who first effected Paschal's nomination against a minority favouring Theodore but who then approved the higher clergy's candidate, Sergius, from whom he extorted the gold that Paschal originally promised. Sergius reluctantly paid and was consecrated on December 15, 687; Theodore ceded, but Paschal refused to submit and died in prison five years later.

      In 692 the Byzantine emperor Justinian II (Rhinotmetus) held the Quinisext (Quinisext Council) (Council in Trullo), the decrees of which accentuated the growing differences between Eastern and Western practice and would have made Constantinople ecclesiastically equal with Rome. Sergius rejected several canons of the council, for which Justinian ordered his arrest and transportation to Constantinople, but the Romans and the militia of Ravenna forced Justinian to abandon his attempt against the pope. Justinian was deposed soon after, which eased further Byzantine animosity toward Sergius.

      Sergius was interested in the Anglo-Saxons and the Franks. He baptized King Caedwalla of Wessex in Rome on Easter of 689, and about 691 he ordered Bishop St. Wilfrid of York restored to his see, thereby confirming Pope St. Agatho's injunction of 679 on Wilfrid's behalf. He seemingly also approved Beorhtweald as archbishop of Canterbury (692–731) and primate of all Britain. At the request of the Carolingian king Pippin II of Herstal, he consecrated the Northumbrian St. Willibrord as bishop of the Frisians in 695, encouraging with some sponsorship the latter's mission to Friesland.

      Since 556 the Italian province of Aquileia had been in schism from Rome because Pope Pelagius I had finally endorsed the Council of Constantinople (553), which had condemned certain Nestorian writings, subsequently causing the “Three Chapters Controversy.” With the help of King Cunipert of the Lombards, Sergius healed the Aquileian schism, thus ending the entire controversy and unifying the church in Italy. He is also credited with introducing to the mass the Agnus Dei (“Lamb of God”—a liturgical chant preceding the eucharistic rite) and with instituting the procession for Candlemas, a festival of February 2 commemorating the Virgin Mary's visit to Jerusalem to present Jesus to God as her firstborn.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sergius — can refer to:Roman Catholic Popes*Pope Sergius I *Pope Sergius II *Pope Sergius III *Pope Sergius IVEastern Orthodox Patriarchs*Patriarch Sergius I of Moscow Patriarch 1943 1944. *Patriarch Sergius I of Constantinople Patriarch 610 638.… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Sergius (disambiguation) — Saint Sergius was a 3rd century Roman soldier venerated as a Christian saint and martyr.Saint Sergius is also the name of:* Sergius of Cappadocia (died 304), Cappadocian monk and martyr * Sergius of Valaam (10th century), Greek monastic * Sergius …   Wikipedia

  • Sergius of Valaam — Saint Sergius of Valaam (Russian: Сергий Валаамский) was a Greek monk and wonderworker credited with bringing Orthodox Christianity to Karelian and Finnish people. Conflicting church traditions place him possibly as early as the 10th century or… …   Wikipedia

  • Sergius Heitz — (eigentlich Alfons A. Heitz; * 6. Juni 1908 in Illkirch Graffenstaden bei Straßburg im Elsass; † 7. Oktober 1998 in Düsseldorf) war ein katholischer und später orthodoxer Priester und Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergius IV. — Sergius IV. (* um 970 in Rom; † 12. Mai 1012) war vom 31. Juli 1009 bis zu seinem Tod Papst. Sein Name bedeutet: der Diener/aus dem (altröm.) Geschlecht der Sergier (latein.). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Umstrittene erste Kreuzzugsbulle 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergius of Cappadocia — Saint Sergius (†304) was a Cappadocian monk who was martyred in the persecutions of Diocletian. His feast day is 24 February.External links* [ Sergius at Patron Saints Index ] *… …   Wikipedia

  • Sergius I, Pope Saint — • Reigned 687 701 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Saint Leo IV —     Pope St. Leo IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Leo IV     (Reigned 847 55)     A Roman and the son of Radoald, was unanimously elected to succeed Sergius II, and as the alarming attack of the Saracens on Rome in 846 caused the people… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Saint-Cierges — Basisdaten Staat: Schweiz Kanton …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo — is one of the churches situated just to the north of the Babylon Fortress in Old Cairo among a group of important churches, and within the area known as the Abu Sayfayn Cloister is to be found three churches and a convent. One of these churches,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”