Selye, Hans

Selye, Hans

▪ Austrian endocrinologist
in full  Hans Hugo Bruno Selye  
born Jan. 26, 1907, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
died Oct. 16, 1982, Montreal, Que., Can.

      endocrinologist known for his studies of the effects of stress on the human body.

      Selye was educated at the German University of Prague (M.D., 1929; Ph.D., 1931) and at the universities of Paris and Rome. In 1931 he came to the United States to work as a research fellow at Johns Hopkins University. In 1932 he continued his fellowship at McGill University in Montreal, where he conducted his pioneering studies. He was later president of the International Institute of Stress at the University of Montreal.

      Selye first detected the effects of stress in 1936 when he injected ovarian hormones into the glandular system of laboratory rats. He found that the hormone stimulated the outer tissue of the adrenal glands of the rats, caused deterioration of the thymus gland, and produced ulcers and finally death. He eventually determined that these effects could be produced by administering virtually any toxic substance, by physical injury, or by environmental stress. Selye was able to extend his theory to humans, demonstrating that a stress-induced breakdown of the hormonal system could lead to conditions, such as heart disease and high blood pressure, that he called “diseases of adaptation.”

      Selye was the author of 33 books, including Stress Without Distress (1974), which was translated into several languages.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Selye, Hans (Hugo Bruno) — born Jan. 26, 1907, Vienna, Austria Hungary died Oct. 16, 1982, Montreal, Que., Can. Austrian born Canadian endocrinologist. In early work on the effects of stress, he injected ovarian hormones into rats; this stimulated the adrenal glands,… …   Universalium

  • Selye, Hans (Hugo Bruno) — (26 ene. 1907, Viena, Austria Hungría–16 oct. 1982, Montreal, Quebec, Canadá). Médico endocrinólogo canadiense de origen austríaco. En sus primeros trabajos sobre los efectos del estrés, inyectó ratas con hormonas ováricas; esto estimuló las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Селье Ганс / Selye, Hans — (1907 1982). Селье сформулировал систему правил поведения, основанную на законах, управляющих сопротивляемостью организма стрессу, помогающих людям справляться с личными, межличностными и групповыми проблемами …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • SELYE (H.) — SELYE HANS (1907 1982) Physiologiste canadien dont l’œuvre a dévoilé les principaux mécanismes de la réaction biologique des organismes animaux face aux agressions de toute nature, Hans Selye est né à Vienne et a fait ses études médicales à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Selye — (Hans) (1907 1982) médecin canadien d origine autrichienne; spécialiste des états de choc et du stress, terme qu il adopta en 1950 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Selye — Büste von Hans Selye Hans Selye [ˈʃɛjɛ] (* 26. Januar 1907 in Wien, Österreich; † 16. Oktober 1982 in Montreal, Québec) war ein österreich kanadischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans — /hanz/; Ger. /hahns/, n. a male given name, Germanic form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Andersen Hans Christian Hans Arp Baldung Hans Hans Baldung Grien Bethe Hans Albrecht Buchner Hans Bülow Hans Guido baron von Gadamer Hans Georg… …   Universalium

  • Hans — (as used in expressions) Andersen, Hans Christian Hans Arp Baldung, Hans Hans Baldung Grien Bethe, Hans (Albrecht) Buchner, Hans Bülow, Hans (Guido), barón von Gadamer, Hans Georg Hassler, Hans Leo Henze, Hans Werner Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hans Selye — Selye János Selye János ou Hans Selye est né à Vienne le 26 janvier 1907 et mort à Montréal le 16 octobre 1982. Il a été le fondateur et le directeur de l Institut de médecine et chirurgie expérimentale de l Université de Montréal et un pionnier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hans Selye — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

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