Šar Mountains

Šar Mountains

▪ mountains, Macedonia
Serbo-Croatian  Šar Planina 

      mountain range in western Macedonia, one of the most rugged and impassable in the Balkans, extending northeast–southwest for about 47 miles (75 km). A southern continuation along the Albanian frontier, which includes the Korab, Bistra, Jablanica, and Galičica massifs, makes the total length of about 100 miles (160 km). The Pindus mountain system in Greece is the southward extension of these peaks in Macedonia and Albania. They are fold mountains of nonporous rocks; steep-walled, or cirque, lakes and fretted peaks, many at more than 6,000 feet (1,800 m), are evidence of local glaciation.

      The Šar Mountains proper, which form the watershed between the Morava-Drim and Vardar river systems, include Titov Vrh (9,012 feet [2,747 m]) and Turčin (8,865 feet [2,702 m]). Between the mountains are several depressions, some containing large lakes suitable for arable farming and fruit growing. Pastureland above the tree line supports livestock raising, especially sheep. The area is especially noted for the production of cheese. The ranges are increasingly an area for climbing and winter sports, with Popova Šapka a winter sports centre. Principal settlements are Tetovo and Gostivar. The Mavrovo Dam and lake provides a head of water for the Vrutok and Raven hydroelectric power stations. Valuable deposits of chrome ore are mined at the foot of the Šar Mountains.

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Universalium. 2010.

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