Sainte-Claire Deville, Henri-Étienne

Sainte-Claire Deville, Henri-Étienne

▪ French chemist
born March 11, 1818, St. Thomas, Danish Virgin Islands
died July 1, 1881, Boulogne, France

      French chemical researcher who invented the first economical process for producing aluminum.

      Sainte-Claire Deville was the son of a French diplomat. He received a degree in medicine in Paris in 1843 but was already attracted to chemistry. He established his own laboratory and published a paper on his turpentine researches, winning a doctorate in science. As professor of chemistry and dean of science at the University of Besançon from 1845 to 1851, he proved exceptionally capable of combining research with teaching. In 1851 he was appointed professor of chemistry at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, and in 1859 he became professor of chemistry at the Sorbonne, where he taught for the remainder of his life. In the 1850s and '60s he trained a number of students who became outstanding chemists.

      As early as 1849 Sainte-Claire Deville made the important research contribution of synthesizing nitrogen pentoxide, which turned his attention to inorganic chemistry. Within a few years he worked out a process for obtaining pure aluminum from its compounds by treating them with sodium instead of the expensive potassium; the Deville process made aluminum a commercial metal for the first time. He also made important contributions to the study of the metallurgy of platinum and other minerals.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sainte-Claire Deville, Henri-Etienne — • Chemist, b. at St. Thomas, West Indies, 11 March, 1818; d. at Boulogne, 1 July, 1881 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • SAINTE-CLAIRE DEVILLE, HENRI ÉTIENNE —    a noted French chemist, born in St. Thomas, West Indies; occupied for many years the chair of Chemistry in the Sorbonne, Paris; his important contributions to chemical knowledge include a process for simplifying the extraction of aluminium and …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sainte-Claire Deville — Sainte Claire Deville, Henri Etienne …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henri Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville — (* 11. März 1818 in Saint Thomas, Westindien; † 1. Juli 1881 in Boulogne sur Seine, heute: Boulogne Billancourt) war ein französischer Chemiker. Sainte Claire Deville war Professor in Besançon u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Sainte-Claire Deville — Henri Etienne Sainte Claire Deville Henri Etienne Sainte Claire Deville (* 11. März 1818 in Saint Thomas, Westindien; † 1. Juli 1881 in Boulogne sur Seine, heute: Boulogne Billancourt) war ein französischer Chemiker. Sainte Claire Deville war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville — (* 11. März 1818 in Saint Thomas, Westindien; † 1. Juli 1881 in Boulogne sur Seine, heute: Boulogne Billancourt) war ein französischer Chemiker. Sainte Claire Deville war Professor in Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri-Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville —     Henri Etienne Sainte Claire Deville     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Henri Etienne Sainte Claire Deville     Chemist, b. at St. Thomas, West Indies, 11 March, 1818; d. at Boulogne, 1 July, 1881; brother of the preceding. Finishing his classical… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SAINTE-CLAIRE DEVILLE (H.) — SAINTE CLAIRE DEVILLE HENRI (1818 1881) Chimiste français né à l’île Saint Thomas (Antilles) et mort à Boulogne sur Seine. Fils d’un consul de France, Henri Étienne Sainte Claire Deville obtient, en 1844, deux doctorats, en médecine et en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Henri Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville — (March 9, 1818 July 1, 1881) was a French chemist.He was born in the island of St Thomas, West Indies, where his father was French consul. Together with his elder brother Charles he was educated in Paris at the College Rollin. In 1844, having… …   Wikipedia

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