Saint George, Fort

Saint George, Fort

      citadel built by the English East India Company in Madras, India, later becoming the British capital in South India. The fort, named in honour of Britain's patron saint, is well preserved by the state of Tamil Nadu (formerly Madras).

      The English East India Company's original trading station in South India was at Masulipatam, established in 1611. It was moved to Madras, where permission to build a fort was obtained from the Raja of Chandragiri in 1639, mainly because it was nearer the weaving centres from which the company obtained goods for export to Persia and the East Indies. It became the headquarters of the company in South India in 1641, and it was the first company settlement in India to be fortified. In 1746 it was captured briefly by the French; on recovery, in 1748, it was largely rebuilt, enabling the British to defend it successfully against the French in 1758–59. The fort was twice threatened by Hyder Ali (1769 and 1780). Thereafter it was largely remodeled to become the centre of the British South Indian administration.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint-George (Nouveau-Brunswick) — Saint George La rivière Magaguadavic à Saint George. Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint George's — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Saint Georges. Saint George s …   Wikipedia Español

  • Saint George (Bermudas) — Para otros usos de este término, véase Saint George. Ciudad histórica de St. George y fortificaciones asociadas1 Patrimonio de la Humanidad Unesco …   Wikipedia Español

  • Saint George (Granada) — Para otros usos de este término, véase Saint George. Saint George Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Saint George (disambiguation) — PlacesAustralia* St George, New South Wales, a region of Sydney * St George, Queensland * St. Georges, South Australia, Adelaide * St George s Cathedral, PerthAntigua and Barbuda*Saint George Parish, Antigua and BarbudaBelgium*Saint George s… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint George’s (Bermuda) — Position von St. George auf den Bermudas Saint George’s (früher: Town of St. George oder St. George’s Town) ist eine Stadt im britischen Überseegebiet Bermuda. Sie liegt auf Saint George’s Island im Nordosten der Bermuda Inselgruppe. St. George’s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint George's — Original name in latin Saint George s Name in other language Fort Royal, Georgetown, Grenada City, Lewis, Port Louis, Port Royal, Saint George, Saint George s, Saint George.s, Saint Georges, Sent Dzordzas, Sent Dordas, Sent Tzortzes, Sent… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Saint George's — Town (pop., 1991 est.: 5,000), capital of Grenada, in the West Indies. It lies on the island s southwestern coast, on a small peninsula. Founded by the French in 1650, it became the capital of the Windward Islands (1885–1958). Now a port, it… …   Universalium

  • Saint George's — Die Hauptstadt St. George s, Foto von 1983 St. George’s ist die Hauptstadt des Inselstaates Grenada in der Karibik und hat eine Einwohnerzahl von etwa 7500 (Stand: 1999). In der Agglomeration von St. George s leben etwa 33.000 Menschen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint George’s — Die Hauptstadt St. George s, Foto von 1983 St. George’s ist die Hauptstadt des Inselstaates Grenada in der Karibik und hat eine Einwohnerzahl von etwa 7500 (Stand: 1999). In der Agglomeration von St. George s leben etwa 33.000 Menschen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”