Ṣāʾib

Ṣāʾib

▪ Persian poet
in full  Mīrzā Muḥammad ʿalī Ṣāʾib,  also called  Ṣāʾib Of Tabriz, or Ṣāʾib Of Eṣfahān 
born 1601/02, Tabrīz, Iran
died c. 1677

      Persian poet, one of the greatest masters of a form of classical Arabic and Persian lyric poetry characterized by rhymed couplets and known as the ghazel.

      Ṣāʾib was educated in Eṣfahān, and in about 1626/27 he traveled to India, where he was received into the court of Shāh Jahān. He stayed for a time in Kabul and in Kashmir, returning home after several years abroad. After his return Shāh ʿAbbas II bestowed upon him the title King of Poets.

      Ṣāʾib's reputation is based primarily on some 300,000 couplets, including his epic poem Qandahār-nāma (“The Campaign Against Qandahār”). His “Indian style” verses reveal an elegant wit, a gift for the aphorism and the proverb, and a keen appreciation of philosophical and intellectual exercise. In addition to his remarkable output of Persian verse, Ṣāʾib wrote poetry in Turkish.

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Universalium. 2010.

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