Root, John Wellborn

Root, John Wellborn

▪ American architect
born Jan. 10, 1850, Lumpkin, Ga., U.S.
died Jan. 15, 1891, Chicago

      architect, one of the greatest practitioners in the Chicago School of commercial American architecture. His works are among the most distinguished early attempts at a mature aesthetic expression of the height and the function of the skyscraper.

      Sent to England for safety during the American Civil War (1861–65), Root attended Oxford for a year. Having returned to the United States in 1866, he received a degree in civil engineering from New York University in 1869. After two years (1871–73) as head draftsman for the Chicago architectural firm of Carter, Drake, and Wight, he joined another draftsman, Daniel H. Burnham (Burnham, Daniel H.), in a partnership that became one of the most famous firms in U.S. architectural history. Burnham and Root's first important commercial building was the Montauk Building (1882; demolished 1902). To meet the problem of supporting this 10-story structure on masonry footings (piers) in the soft Chicago soil, Root incorporated into the foundation a grillage of iron rails, thereby distributing the weight over the entire ground area. Another major technical innovation in the Montauk Building was the use of flat tile arches in the floors for fireproofing.

 As the firm's chief designing partner, Root created two of the finest works of the Chicago school in that city. The Rookery (1884–86) evidently was influenced by the Romanesque Revival style of H.H. Richardson. The north half of the Monadnock Building (1889–91), 16 stories high, is generally regarded as the world's tallest office building with load-bearing walls. (The south half, designed by the firm of Holabird and Roche and completed in 1893, has an interior frame (framed building), or skeleton, of steel.) Root's exterior design of the Monadnock is universally famous for its deceptive simplicity and stark beauty.

      Root died of pneumonia while serving on the architectural staff of the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago. He wrote many papers on the philosophy of the new architectural movement in Chicago.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Root,John Wellborn — Root, John Wellborn. 1850 1891. American architect whose designs include the Monadnock Building (1889 1891) in Chicago, which employed steel beams along with traditional masonry bearings walls. * * * …   Universalium

  • John Wellborn Root — (* 10. Januar 1850 in Lumpkin, Georgia; † 15. Januar 1891 in Chicago) war ein bedeutender amerikanischer Architekt. Er arbeitete in Chicago mit Daniel Burnham zusammen. Root war einer der Begründer des Chicago School Style. Eines seiner Gebäude… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Wellborn Root, Jr. — John Wellborn Root, Jr. (1887 1963) was a significant U.S. architect based in Chicago. He was the son of architect John Wellborn Root. As a young man, he graduated from Cornell University and studied architecture at Paris Ecole des Beaux Arts,… …   Wikipedia

  • John Wellborn Root — Infobox Architect caption= Portrait of John Wellborn Root name=John Wellborn Root nationality=American birth date=birth date|1850|1|10|mf=y birth place=Lumpkin, Georgia death date=death date|1891|1|15|mf=y death place=Chicago, Illinois practice… …   Wikipedia

  • Root (surname) — Root is a surname, and may refer to* Amanda Root (born 1963), British actress * Amos Root, American beekeeper * Antony Root, British scriptwriter and drama producer * Budd Root, comic book artist * Charlie Root, American baseball player * Elihu… …   Wikipedia

  • John Augur Holabird — (1886 1945) was a significant U.S. architect based in Chicago. Born on May 4, 1886, the day of Chicago s Haymarket Riot, John was the son of architect William Holabird. As a young man he studied architecture at Paris Ecole des Beaux Arts, where… …   Wikipedia

  • John M. Van Osdel — John Mills Van Osdel (July 31 1811 – December 21 1891)cite web|url= VanOsdelJohnM|accessdate=2007 09 14|title=Biographical Dictionary: V Vol|work=Electronic Encyclopedia of… …   Wikipedia

  • Root — /rooht/, n. 1. Elihu /el euh hyooh /, 1845 1937, U.S. lawyer and statesman: Nobel peace prize 1912. 2. John Wellborn /wel beuhrn/, 1851 91, U.S. architect. * * * In botany, the underground anchoring part of a plant. It grows downward in response… …   Universalium

  • Root — I Root   [ruːt],    1) Elihu, amerikanischer Politiker und Jurist, * Clinton (N. Y.) 15. 2. 1845, ✝ New York 7. 2. 1937; Republikaner, organisierte als Kriegsminister (1899 1904) den amerikanischen Generalstab und schuf die Richtlinien für die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Holabird & Root — Holabird and Root Holabird and Root (ou Holabird and Roche) est un cabinet d architectes américain fondé en 1880 à Chicago. Le cabinet, initialement fondé par William Holabird et Ossian Simonds en 1880, se nomme d abord « Holabird and… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”