Rocroi, Battle of

Rocroi, Battle of

▪ French history
      (May 19, 1643), a military engagement of the Thirty Years' War in which a French army of 22,000 men, under the Duke d'Enghien (later known as the Great Condé (Condé, Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de)), annihilated a Spanish army of 26,000 men under Don Francisco de Melo, marking the end of Spain's military ascendancy in Europe.

      The Spanish army crossed the French border from the Netherlands and then stopped to besiege the small fortress of Rocroi, 55 miles (88 km) northeast of Reims. Enghien advanced rapidly, knowing that the Spaniards were expecting reinforcements. On May 18 both armies positioned themselves with the bulk of their infantry in the centre, flanked by two wings of cavalry. Early on May 19 Enghien led a successful cavalry charge of the French right against the Spanish left. The French cavalry of the left also attacked the Spanish right, against his orders, and was repulsed. The Spaniards then followed through by starting their assault on the French centre. Meanwhile, Enghien's cavalry turned to its left and cut its way through the middle of the enemy infantry, thus isolating the elite Spanish soldiers in the front ranks from their less steady German and Italian allies in the rear. Enghien's troops then reached the cavalry on the Spanish right flank, who were still engaged with the French in their front, and dispersed them. The 8,000 elite Spanish infantry were by now completely isolated, as Enghien's attack had broken up the rear ranks of supporting German and Italian infantry. Late in the day, when all the available French as well as the captured Spanish guns were turned on them, the Spanish asked to surrender. But as Enghien and his staff were coming to receive the surrender some Spaniards mistakenly opened fire. The enraged French hurled themselves on the Spanish infantry, killing more than half and capturing the rest. The Battle of Rocroi marked the decline of Spanish military power.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Rocroi — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Rocroi partof=the Thirty Years War caption= Duc d Enghien at the Battle of Rocroi date=May 19, 1643 place=Rocroi, France result=Decisive French victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1=Duc d Enghien… …   Wikipedia

  • Rocroi — French commune nomcommune=Rocroi région=Champagne Ardenne département=Ardennes arrondissement=Charleville Mézières canton=Rocroi insee=08367 cp=08230 maire=Michel Sobanska mandat=2001 2008 intercomm= longitude=4.52222222222 latitude=49.9261111111 …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Rocroi — noun a battle in the Thirty Years War (1643); the French defeated the Spanish invaders • Syn: ↑Rocroi • Regions: ↑France, ↑French Republic • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle • Part Ho …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rocroi — noun a battle in the Thirty Years War (1643); the French defeated the Spanish invaders • Syn: ↑Battle of Rocroi • Regions: ↑France, ↑French Republic • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle …   Useful english dictionary

  • Battle of Nördlingen (1634) — This article is about the first Battle of Nördlingen fought in 1634 in Germany as part of the Thirty Years War. For the second battle, see Battle of Nördlingen (1645). Battle of Nördlingen Part of the Thirty Years War …   Wikipedia

  • pitched battle — noun a fierce battle fought in close combat between troops in predetermined positions at a chosen time and place • Hypernyms: ↑battle, ↑conflict, ↑fight, ↑engagement • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Agincourt, ↑Austerlitz, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Naval Battle of Tarragona (July 1641) — Battle of Tarragona Part of the Reaper s War, Franco Spanish War (1635) Date 4 to 6 July 1641 Location Off Tarragona, then the Principality of Catalonia …   Wikipedia

  • Spain — /spayn/, n. a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and Canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Cap.: Madrid. Spanish, España. * * * Spain Introduction Spain Background: Spain s powerful world empire of the 16th and… …   Universalium

  • France — noun 1. a republic in western Europe; the largest country wholly in Europe (Freq. 10) • Syn: ↑French Republic • Members of this Region: ↑apache dance, ↑Agincourt, ↑Battle of the Marne, ↑Belleau Wood, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • French Republic — noun a republic in western Europe; the largest country wholly in Europe • Syn: ↑France • Members of this Region: ↑apache dance, ↑Agincourt, ↑Battle of the Marne, ↑Belleau Wood, ↑Chateau Thierry, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”