Robertson, William

Robertson, William

▪ Scottish historian and minister
born Sept. 19, 1721, Borthwick, Midlothian, Scot.
died June 11, 1793, Edinburgh

      Scottish historian and Presbyterian minister. He is regarded, along with David Hume and Edward Gibbon, as one of the most important British historians of the 18th century.

      Robertson was educated at the University of Edinburgh, completing his studies in 1741. He was ordained a minister in the Church of Scotland, and in 1743 he received the living of Gladsmuir, near Edinburgh. He became a member of the church's General Assembly in 1746 and for many years held a leading position in that assembly's Moderate party.

      Robertson's first major work, The History of Scotland, During the Reigns of Queen Mary and of King James VI (1759), established his reputation as a historian; within the next few years he was appointed principal of the University of Edinburgh and historiographer royal for Scotland. His next major work was The History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V (1769), which saw several editions and was translated into all of the major European languages; it was followed by The History of America (1777).

      Robertson's histories reflect his interest in social theory; they stress the importance of material and environmental factors in determining the course of civilization. His writings were influential in the 19th century but received little critical attention during the 20th century.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robertson William Davies — Robertson Davies Robertson Davies (né le 28 août 1913 à Thamesville (Ontario), décédé le 2 décembre 1995 à Toronto (Ontario)) était un romancier, dramaturge, critique, journaliste et professeur canadien. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Jeunesse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ROBERTSON, WILLIAM —    historian, born in Borthwick, Midlothian; was educated in Edinburgh; entered the Church; became minister of Gladsmuir; distinguished himself in the General Assembly of the Church; became leader of the Moderate party; one of the ministers of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Robertson, William —    S Appointed member of Legislative Council, but did not come to Canada, 79 …   The makers of Canada

  • Robertson, William — (1721 1793)    Historian, s. of the parish minister of Borthwick, Midlothian, where he was b., received his earlier ed. at Dalkeith, which then had a school of some repute; but his f. being translated to Edin., he attended school, and afterwards… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • William Roberston (Australian pastoralist) — William Robertson (7 October 1798 – 18 January 1874) was an Australian pastoralist. Born in Scotland and emigrating to Van Dieman s Land (now Tasmania) he rose to prominence by becoming a member of the Port Phillip Association which led to the… …   Wikipedia

  • William Hopkins — Naissance 2 février 1793 Kingston on Soar Décès 13 octobre 1866 Cambridge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Burnside — (Londres, 2 juillet 1852 West Wickham, 21 août 1927) est un mathématicien anglais. Ses premiers travaux en hydrodynamique le conduisent à étudier les …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Chauvenet — (* 24. Mai 1820 in Milford, Pennsylvania; † 13. Dezember 1870 in St. Paul, Minnesota) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Astronom. Ihm zu Ehren wird jährlich von der Mathematica …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Timothy Cape — (25 October 1806 – 4 June 1863) was an early school master in Sydney, Australia; several of the Premiers of New South Wales attended his school.Cape was born at Walworth, Surrey, England, the son of William Cape, a London bank manager who… …   Wikipedia

  • William Thurston — en 1991 William Paul Thurston (né le 30 octobre 1946) est un mathématicien américain. Il a effectué un travail pionnier en topologie en basses dimensions  …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”