▪ Jaina saint
Sanskrit“Lord Bull”

      the first of the 24 Tirthankaras (Tirthankara) (“Ford-makers,” i.e., saviours) of Jainism, a religion of India. His name comes from the series of 14 auspicious dreams that his mother had, in which a bull (rishabha) appeared, before his birth. He is also known as Adinatha (“Lord of the Beginning”) and is portrayed by Jain legend as having lived many millions of years ago.

      Rishabhanatha is one of the most honoured of the Jain Tirthankaras, having been the first to preach the Jain faith in this age. Legend also credits him with teaching men the 72 accomplishments (including writing and arithmetic) and women the 64 crafts (including pottery, carpentry, and weaving). Jains believe that he had 100 sons, each of whom was 500-bow-shots tall. The most famous of his sons was Bharata, the first chakravartin, or universal ruler. Rishabhanatha instituted marriage, the giving of alms, and the observance of funeral rites.

      He was born in the city of Ayodhya, where the Hindu (Hinduism) god Rama was born. Rishabhanatha attained moksha (release from earthly existence) on Mount Kailas in the Himalayas, the home of the Hindu god Shiva. In paintings of the Shvetambara (Śvetāmbara) (“White-robed”) sect, he is always gold in colour; in paintings of the Digambara (“Sky-clad,” i.e., naked) sect, yellow. His symbol is the bull.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jainism — Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma / Shraman Dharma (जैन धर्म) is an ancient religion of India. Jains are a small but influential religious minority with at least 10 million followers in modern India, [ [http://www.censusindia.gov.in… …   Wikipedia

  • Airavata — Indra auf Airavata. Sandsteinrelief an Ziegeltempel der Hauptstadt Sambor Prei Kuk des Chenla Reichs in der kambodschanischen Provinz Kampong Thom. Südgruppe, S. 7, Anfang 7. Jahrhundert. Heute im Musée Guimet, Paris. Airavata (Sanskrit, m.,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jainism — /juy niz euhm/, n. a dualistic religion founded in the 6th century B.C. as a revolt against current Hinduism and emphasizing the perfectibility of human nature and liberation of the soul, esp. through asceticism and nonviolence toward all living… …   Universalium

  • Sachi — Indrani redirects here. For the photographer, see Indrani (photographer). Indra (alias Sakra) and Shachi Riding the Divine Elephant Airavata, Folio from a Jain text, Panchakalyanaka (Five Auspicious Events in the Life of Jina Rishabhanatha… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhatkal — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Bhatkal | type = town | latd = 13.967 | longd = 74.567 locator position = right | state name = Karnataka district = Uttara Kannada district altitude = 3 population as of = 2001 population total = 31774… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Orissa — History of South Asia and India Stone age (7000–1300 BCE) …   Wikipedia

  • Jainism in North Karnataka — IntroductionJainism in North Karnataka [cite web url=http://www.indiaprofile.com/religion culture/jainisminkarnataka.htm title=The Jain Legacy In Karnataka publisher= accessdate=2008 08 20] flourished under the Chalukyas, Kadamba and Rashtrakutas …   Wikipedia

  • Ranakpur — Ranakpur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tirthankara — /tir tung keuhr euh/, n. Jainism. one of 24 persons who have attained personal immortality through enlightenment. [ < Skt tirthankara lit., passage making] * * * or Jina In Jainism, a saviour who has succeeded in crossing over life s stream of… …   Universalium

  • Bahubali — ▪ Jainism also called  Gommateshvara        According to the traditions of the Indian religion Jainism, the son of the first Tirthankara (Ford maker, i.e., saviour) Rishabhanatha. He is said to have lived many millions of years ago.       After… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”